Please Sign In | Register
Google pluspinterestShare on Stumble UponShare on RedditFacebookShare on Tumblr
TITLE
Sale of Land in the Crown and Kingmills, by Edona of the Old Castle, 1361 (Front)
EXTERNAL ID
GB1796_2003_130_01
PLACENAME
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
12 November 1361
PERIOD
1360s
SOURCE
Inverness Museum and Art Gallery
ASSET ID
1033
KEYWORDS
charters
legal
law
documents
land rights
property rights
seals
burghs
Sale of Land in the Crown and Kingmills, by Edona of the Old Castle, 1361 (Front)

In this deed dated 12 November 1361, Edona of the Old Castle sells four acres of land to the burgesses and community of Inverness for the provision of extra masses in the Parish Church. Selling land was the easiest way to fund masses as the land could be held by the church in perpetuity; as land values increased so did the value of the sale or grant. The majority of the lands mentioned are to the south of the burgh in the areas now known as the Crown and Kingsmills.

The image shows the front of the document.

[For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]

Edona is clearly a widow and her daughter, Avoc, is her heiress. Both ladies were important enough to have their own seals indicating that they were either gentry, or traded in their own right, which as the daughter and widow of a burgess of Inverness, they would be entitled to do. The remaining seal attached to the document (second tag from left), is that of Avoc and has the emblem of a dove. A feu grant of 1361, by John, Bishop of Moray, also mentions the 'sisters and heiresses Susanna and Eda (Edona?) of the Old Castle'.

In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 65-66), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:

'To all who shall see or hear of this charter; Edona of the Old Castle, lady of the same; Greeting eternal in the Lord: Let all know, that I in my free widowhood and urgent and very great poverty for support of my old age, with consent and assent of Avok, my daughter and heiress, have sold for ever to the burgesses and community of the burgh of Inverness, for the altar of the Holy Cross of said place in the Parochial Church towards the augmentation and supplementing of the service of the chaplains who shall for ever worship there, four acres of my arable land lying in the upper plain of said Old Castle, of which two acres lie together in breadth 'twixt my own land which Thomas De l'Ard now holds of me, at the south on the one part, and the land which John Passe holds of me at the north on the other, the third acre lies in said plain in breadth 'twixt the land which William son of Adam holds of me at the north on the one part, and the land of St Mary's Chapel at the south on the other, and in length extending from the highway of the mill towards the west and to the Bromybank in the east, and the fourth acre lies in foresaid plain in breadth 'twixt the land of St Mary's Chapel at the south on the one part, and the land of the heirs of Walter called Man, at the north on the other, in length extending from the way of the mill of our Lord the King at the west, and towards Knokyntynol at the east: To be held and had the foresaid four acres of land for the altar of the Holy Cross aforesaid in augmentation and addition for the service of the chaplain as is said who for the time shall be performing divine worship there, as freely, quietly, fully, entirely, honourably, well, and in peace, with the pertinents as shall be possible for any one whomsoever to bestow, sell, or alienate by whatsoever title or under whatsoever condition there may hereafter be, for true value in good money given and reckoned, both for the great relief of my poverty and maintenance of my life, and by me wholly received:

But paying therefor no annual return for said acres to me or my heirs, or to those succeeding us by whatsoever title for ever: And if it happen, which God forbid, that I, my heirs, or our successors, by whatsoever title, go against my sale of the foresaid acres with the pertinents, I oblige me, my heirs and successors whatsoever, before any proceedings in law in the penalty of ten pounds sterling to be paid toward the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Elgin, renouncing here, I, and my heirs and our successors, by whatsoever title, all exception and privilege of law, canonical or civil, and that it may be lawful to the Bishop of Moray, his successors and their officers who shall for the time be, and also the chapter in the case of vacancy of the bishoprick, by all possible manner of ecclesiastical censure, strictly to restrain me, my heirs and our successors, by whatsoever title, in the event in which we presume rashly to attempt anything against the present charter, the present charter, however, to endure for ever in its own strength: In testimony of which thing, my seal, along with the seal of the foresaid Avok, my daughter and heiress, is appended to the present charter: And for the greater security of this transaction, I have procured and caused the common seal of the chapter of the Cathedral Church of Moray, together with the common seal of the foresaid burgh of Inverness, to be appended to these presents. Given at Inverness the day after St Martin the Bishop's (12th Nov) in the year of the Lord 1361.'

Accession Number: INVMG 2003.130

Glossary

For guidance on the use of images and other content, please see the Terms and Conditions page.
High Life Highland is a company limited by guarantee registered in Scotland No. SC407011 and is a registered Scottish charity No. SC042593
Powered by Capture

Sale of Land in the Crown and Kingmills, by Edona of the Old Castle, 1361 (Front)

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1360s

charters; legal; law; documents; land rights; property rights; seals; burghs

Inverness Museum and Art Gallery

Inverness Burgh Documents (2)

In this deed dated 12 November 1361, Edona of the Old Castle sells four acres of land to the burgesses and community of Inverness for the provision of extra masses in the Parish Church. Selling land was the easiest way to fund masses as the land could be held by the church in perpetuity; as land values increased so did the value of the sale or grant. The majority of the lands mentioned are to the south of the burgh in the areas now known as the Crown and Kingsmills.<br /> <br /> The image shows the front of the document.<br /> <br /> [For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]<br /> <br /> Edona is clearly a widow and her daughter, Avoc, is her heiress. Both ladies were important enough to have their own seals indicating that they were either gentry, or traded in their own right, which as the daughter and widow of a burgess of Inverness, they would be entitled to do. The remaining seal attached to the document (second tag from left), is that of Avoc and has the emblem of a dove. A feu grant of 1361, by John, Bishop of Moray, also mentions the 'sisters and heiresses Susanna and Eda (Edona?) of the Old Castle'.<br /> <br /> In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 65-66), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:<br /> <br /> 'To all who shall see or hear of this charter; Edona of the Old Castle, lady of the same; Greeting eternal in the Lord: Let all know, that I in my free widowhood and urgent and very great poverty for support of my old age, with consent and assent of Avok, my daughter and heiress, have sold for ever to the burgesses and community of the burgh of Inverness, for the altar of the Holy Cross of said place in the Parochial Church towards the augmentation and supplementing of the service of the chaplains who shall for ever worship there, four acres of my arable land lying in the upper plain of said Old Castle, of which two acres lie together in breadth 'twixt my own land which Thomas De l'Ard now holds of me, at the south on the one part, and the land which John Passe holds of me at the north on the other, the third acre lies in said plain in breadth 'twixt the land which William son of Adam holds of me at the north on the one part, and the land of St Mary's Chapel at the south on the other, and in length extending from the highway of the mill towards the west and to the Bromybank in the east, and the fourth acre lies in foresaid plain in breadth 'twixt the land of St Mary's Chapel at the south on the one part, and the land of the heirs of Walter called Man, at the north on the other, in length extending from the way of the mill of our Lord the King at the west, and towards Knokyntynol at the east: To be held and had the foresaid four acres of land for the altar of the Holy Cross aforesaid in augmentation and addition for the service of the chaplain as is said who for the time shall be performing divine worship there, as freely, quietly, fully, entirely, honourably, well, and in peace, with the pertinents as shall be possible for any one whomsoever to bestow, sell, or alienate by whatsoever title or under whatsoever condition there may hereafter be, for true value in good money given and reckoned, both for the great relief of my poverty and maintenance of my life, and by me wholly received:<br /> <br /> But paying therefor no annual return for said acres to me or my heirs, or to those succeeding us by whatsoever title for ever: And if it happen, which God forbid, that I, my heirs, or our successors, by whatsoever title, go against my sale of the foresaid acres with the pertinents, I oblige me, my heirs and successors whatsoever, before any proceedings in law in the penalty of ten pounds sterling to be paid toward the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Elgin, renouncing here, I, and my heirs and our successors, by whatsoever title, all exception and privilege of law, canonical or civil, and that it may be lawful to the Bishop of Moray, his successors and their officers who shall for the time be, and also the chapter in the case of vacancy of the bishoprick, by all possible manner of ecclesiastical censure, strictly to restrain me, my heirs and our successors, by whatsoever title, in the event in which we presume rashly to attempt anything against the present charter, the present charter, however, to endure for ever in its own strength: In testimony of which thing, my seal, along with the seal of the foresaid Avok, my daughter and heiress, is appended to the present charter: And for the greater security of this transaction, I have procured and caused the common seal of the chapter of the Cathedral Church of Moray, together with the common seal of the foresaid burgh of Inverness, to be appended to these presents. Given at Inverness the day after St Martin the Bishop's (12th Nov) in the year of the Lord 1361.'<br /> <br /> Accession Number: INVMG 2003.130 <br /> <br /> <a href="http://www.ambaile.org.uk/?service=asset&action=show_zoom_window_popup&language=en&asset=708&location=grid&asset_list=19947,708&basket_item_id=undefined" target=”_blank”>Glossary</a>