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TITLE
Edona of the Old Castle Grants Land to Inverness Parish Church, 1361 (Front)
EXTERNAL ID
GB1796_2003_133_01
PLACENAME
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
4 March 1361
PERIOD
1360s
SOURCE
Inverness Museum and Art Gallery
ASSET ID
1040
KEYWORDS
charters
legal
law
documents
land rights
property rights
seals
burghs
Edona of the Old Castle Grants Land to Inverness Parish Church, 1361 (Front)

In this deed dated 4 March 1361, Edona of the Old Castle grants two acres of her land to the altar of the Holy Cross in Inverness Parish Church for the provision of continued and increased divine worship. Selling land was the easiest way to fund masses as the land could be held by the church in perpetuity; as land values increased so did the value of the sale or grant.

The image shows the front of the document.

In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 64-65), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:

[For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]

'To all who shall see or hear of this charter, Edona of the old castle, daughter and heir of Thomas, late of said old castle of Inverness; Greeting eternal in the Lord: Since it is known to all men that all flesh returns to dust, and that there is nothing after death unless He is found who is the true salvation, and who on the Cross redeemed the human race, hence it is that by these presents I make it known to all that I, in my free and lawful widowhood, have given, granted, and by this my present charter have confirmed for the salvation of my soul, and of the souls of my ancestors and successors, and of all the faithful, two acres of my land, called the Old Castle, lying in the mill-flat, 'twixt the land of the heirs of Thomas, called Gryme, in breadth at the south on the one part, and the land of the Chapel of St Mary's of Inverness at the north on the other; and in length stretching from the way of the mill of the Lord the King (from the King's Mill's Road) at the west, and the Bromneback at the east, to the altar of the Holy Cross in the Parochial Church of Inverness, for effecting an increase of divine worship there for ever: To be had and held, the said two acres of land by the said altar of the Holy Cross of said Church, for encouraging continual increase (of divine worship) there, of me and my heirs and assignees, freely, quietly, fully, and honourably, according as any lord or lady within the Kingdom of Scotland has given, or will give all and sundry, or particular lands, for the increase of church, chapel, or altar, whatsoever, by all possible right canonical or civil. I confess by these presents to have given and granted for ever said two acres more freely, quietly, clearly, and honourably, and I, Edona of the Old Castle aforesaid, my heirs, successors, and assignees, whomsoever, shall warrant, acquit, and for ever defend said two acres of land to the foresaid altar of the Holy Cross of the aforesaid Church of Inverness: And if it happen, which God forbid, that I, my heirs, successors, or assignees, whomsoever, come against this my pious donation and grant, I will and grant, and also bind, by these presents, my person and the persons of my heirs, successors, and assignees, whomsoever, and my lands and those of my heirs, successors, and assignees, for ever, to such extent as by law of any kind I shall be able to be excommunicated, interdicted, and by all manner of ecclesiastical censure restrained by the Bishop of Moray, who shall for the time be, and his chapter under penalty of 100s sterling, to be applied without remission of any kind to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Moray: In testimony of which thing my seal is appended to these presents: And for the greater security and evidence of the matter, I have procured and caused to be appended to the present charter the seal of the reverend father in Christ, Lord John, by the grace of God, Bishop of Moray, together with the seals of the chapter of the Church of Moray, and of the community of the burgh of Inverness. Given at Inverness, the 4th day of the month of March, in the year of the incarnation of the Lord 1361. These being witnesses - The discreet man, Master Eustachius, vicar of Inverness, Thomas le Grant, John Scot, Thomas Kauer, Weland de Scykklaw (Chisholm), John de Coule, Brisius Pyot, Symon Henry, burgesses of said place, and many others.'

Accession Number: INVMG 2003.133

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Edona of the Old Castle Grants Land to Inverness Parish Church, 1361 (Front)

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1360s

charters; legal; law; documents; land rights; property rights; seals; burghs

Inverness Museum and Art Gallery

Inverness Burgh Documents (2)

In this deed dated 4 March 1361, Edona of the Old Castle grants two acres of her land to the altar of the Holy Cross in Inverness Parish Church for the provision of continued and increased divine worship. Selling land was the easiest way to fund masses as the land could be held by the church in perpetuity; as land values increased so did the value of the sale or grant.<br /> <br /> The image shows the front of the document.<br /> <br /> In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 64-65), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:<br /> <br /> [For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]<br /> <br /> 'To all who shall see or hear of this charter, Edona of the old castle, daughter and heir of Thomas, late of said old castle of Inverness; Greeting eternal in the Lord: Since it is known to all men that all flesh returns to dust, and that there is nothing after death unless He is found who is the true salvation, and who on the Cross redeemed the human race, hence it is that by these presents I make it known to all that I, in my free and lawful widowhood, have given, granted, and by this my present charter have confirmed for the salvation of my soul, and of the souls of my ancestors and successors, and of all the faithful, two acres of my land, called the Old Castle, lying in the mill-flat, 'twixt the land of the heirs of Thomas, called Gryme, in breadth at the south on the one part, and the land of the Chapel of St Mary's of Inverness at the north on the other; and in length stretching from the way of the mill of the Lord the King (from the King's Mill's Road) at the west, and the Bromneback at the east, to the altar of the Holy Cross in the Parochial Church of Inverness, for effecting an increase of divine worship there for ever: To be had and held, the said two acres of land by the said altar of the Holy Cross of said Church, for encouraging continual increase (of divine worship) there, of me and my heirs and assignees, freely, quietly, fully, and honourably, according as any lord or lady within the Kingdom of Scotland has given, or will give all and sundry, or particular lands, for the increase of church, chapel, or altar, whatsoever, by all possible right canonical or civil. I confess by these presents to have given and granted for ever said two acres more freely, quietly, clearly, and honourably, and I, Edona of the Old Castle aforesaid, my heirs, successors, and assignees, whomsoever, shall warrant, acquit, and for ever defend said two acres of land to the foresaid altar of the Holy Cross of the aforesaid Church of Inverness: And if it happen, which God forbid, that I, my heirs, successors, or assignees, whomsoever, come against this my pious donation and grant, I will and grant, and also bind, by these presents, my person and the persons of my heirs, successors, and assignees, whomsoever, and my lands and those of my heirs, successors, and assignees, for ever, to such extent as by law of any kind I shall be able to be excommunicated, interdicted, and by all manner of ecclesiastical censure restrained by the Bishop of Moray, who shall for the time be, and his chapter under penalty of 100s sterling, to be applied without remission of any kind to the fabric of the Cathedral Church of Moray: In testimony of which thing my seal is appended to these presents: And for the greater security and evidence of the matter, I have procured and caused to be appended to the present charter the seal of the reverend father in Christ, Lord John, by the grace of God, Bishop of Moray, together with the seals of the chapter of the Church of Moray, and of the community of the burgh of Inverness. Given at Inverness, the 4th day of the month of March, in the year of the incarnation of the Lord 1361. These being witnesses - The discreet man, Master Eustachius, vicar of Inverness, Thomas le Grant, John Scot, Thomas Kauer, Weland de Scykklaw (Chisholm), John de Coule, Brisius Pyot, Symon Henry, burgesses of said place, and many others.'<br /> <br /> Accession Number: INVMG 2003.133 <br /> <br /> <a href="http://www.ambaile.org.uk/?service=asset&action=show_zoom_window_popup&language=en&asset=708&location=grid&asset_list=19947,708&basket_item_id=undefined" target=”_blank”>Glossary</a>