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TITLE
Charter granted to the burgh of Inverness by Mary, Queen of Scots, 1567 (Front)
EXTERNAL ID
GB1796_2002_028_1
PLACENAME
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
21 April 1567
PERIOD
1560s
SOURCE
Inverness Museum and Art Gallery
ASSET ID
159
KEYWORDS
charters
legal
law
documents
land rights
property rights
seals
burghs
Charter granted to the burgh of Inverness by Mary, Queen of Scots, 1567 (Front)

Mary, Queen of Scots granted the following charter to the town of Inverness on 21st April 1567, shortly before she was dethroned. (James VI was proclaimed King on 29th July 1567.)

The image shows the front of the document.

In the charter, Mary confirms the previous grants and privileges granted to the burgh. She also grants to the provost, bailies and council all the property that had previously belonged to the Dominican friars, for the support of ministers of God and for hospitals for the poor, the injured and all orphaned children.

In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 232-233), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:

[For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]

'Mary, by the grace of God Queen of Scots. To all good men of her whole kingdom, cleric and laic; Greeting; Know that we, carefully considering our duty toward the service of God, and because of the ardent zeal which we have for the upholding of the State, and for the preservation of due order among our subjects, and chiefly within our burgh of Inverness; considering, therefore, that we, by our office, are bound, and ought to consider our duty toward God, by whose providence we are placed in the government of this kingdom, and also that it is by our office incumbent upon us to provide by every honest means for the ministers of the Word of God, and that hospitals should be maintained within our said burgh for poor, mutilated, and wretched, for orphans and children without parents; we, after our perfect age, with advice of the Lords of our Secret Council, have given, granted, disponed, and for us and our successors for ever confirmed, and also by the tenor of these presents we gave, granted, disponed, and for us and our successors for ever confirmed to our beloved, the Provost, bailies, council, and community of our said burgh of Inverness and their successors for ever, all and sundry the lands, tenements, houses, buildings, churches, chapels, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, and anniversaries whatsomever, which in any way pertained or are known to pertain to whatsoever chaplaincies, vicarages, altarages, and prebendaries, in whatsoever church, chapel, or college within the liberty, privilege, and parish of our said burgh of Inverness, founded by whatsoever patron, in the possession whereof the chaplains, vicars and prebendaries thereof had been formerly, wherever the forsaid houses, tenements, buildings, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, anniversaries, fruits, profits, and emoluments lie or were formerly levied respectively, with manor-places, gardens, acres, lands, annual rents, emoluments, duties, mills, and fishings which formerly pertained to the Dominican or Preaching Friars of our said burgh, together with all and sundry lands, houses, tenements, lying within our said burgh, privilege and parish thereof, with all annual rents of whatsoever house, lands, or tenement, within our said burgh, given, donated, and founded to whatsoever chaplaincies, altarages, churches, mortuaries, and anniversaries wheresoever they are within our kingdom; and also with all and sundry annual rents and other duties paid to, or which could be demanded by whatever church without our said burgh from the Provost or bailies of the common rent of the same, for celebrating orisons, with the pertinents: To be held and had all and sundry the foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, gardens, orchards, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, anniversaries, churches, chapels, the abodes of the Friars, gardens, milns, and fishings thereof, with their pertinents, by the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and community, and their successors, of us and our successors for ever, according as they lie in length and breadth in houses, buildings, walls, materials, wood, stone and lime, with free ish and entry, and with all and sundry liberties, commodities, profits, easements, and their just pertinents whatsoever, as well not named as named, both under and above ground, belonging, or which can in any way in future justly belong to foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, gardens, orchards, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, mills, fishings, emoluments, and others above-written, with the pertinents, freely, quietly, fully, wholly, honourably, well, and in peace, without revocation or contradiction whatsoever; with power to the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and community, and their successors by themselves or their collectors whom they appoint, of levying and receiving foresaid annual rents, fruits, and duties whatsoever, wherever they had been formerly levied, of setting and removing foresaid lands and tenements, of building up and repairing broken-down places, and of converting and applying the same into hospitals or other similar lawful uses, according as to them, with the advice of the ministers and elders of the said burgh, shall seem expedient, as fully in all as the foresaid prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, or friars above-written, could have formerly been able to enjoy and possess the same: And the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and their successors shall be bound and obliged to maintain ministers, readers, and other ecclesiastical burdens, with the foresaid annual rents, profits and duties, in proportion to their value and quantity, and to apply the places and buildings repaired to hospitality and others before-written; and also, considering with what great fraud a great number of said prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, and friars before-written, who, after the change of religion, disponed, alienated, and gifted away into the hands of certain particular men, their lands, annual rents, and tenements, formerly mortified to chaplains, prebendaries, friars, and other places respectively; and also that very many of our lieges claimed right to, and recovered certain lands, tenements, and annual rents, mortified by their predecessors by means of brieves of our chapel, or otherwise by sasine, as heirs of their predecessors who formerly donated the same to the church, which seems to have happened partly by the negligence of the officers of our said burgh, and partly by the collusion of said prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, and friars above-written: Wherefore, with advice foresaid, by these presents we rescind and annul all and sundry such alienations, dispositions, and sasines, by which the first purpose and intention of the founders are infringed, altered, or varied, by applying the same to particular uses, to the effect that they may be converted to the uses above-written, which declaration of ours we will to be of as much strength and efficacy as if the persons who obtained such dispositions had been individually cited and their infeftments rescinded without further process: And also, with advice foresaid, we unite and incorporate all and sundry the foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, churches, burying-grounds, chapels, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, anniversaries, abodes of the friars, mills and fishings thereof, with their pertinents, into one body for ever, to be called our foundation for the ministers and hospitality of our said burgh of Inverness: We will also that one sasine by the foresaid Provost and bailies, or any of them, in name of said community, at the Court-house of our said burgh, shall be accepted as sufficient sasine once and for all, for ever, in future, as if the same, notwithstanding the distance of the places, were taken upon the particular lands pertaining to said chaplains, prebendaries, vicars, and friars, or to foresaid annual rents, anniversaries, rents, profits, and duties due to them: Moreover, by these presents we forbid the chaplains, prebendaries, vicars, and friars, who before said change of religion had been provided, to be prejudiced by this our present infeftment, but we reserve to them the use of said fruits and duties during their life only: Commanding, therefore, our chamberlains, present and future, and their collectors and factors, and any other whose interest it is, that no one, in kind or in specie, presume to receive or levy said fruits particularly above-written for any time past or future, nor hinder and cause any impediment to the foresaid Provost, bailies, councillors and community, and their successors, in peaceful possession thereof; also requiring and ordaining our Lords of Session that they direct our letters in all the four forms, at the instance of said Provost, bailies, community, and their successors, to the effect above-written, and also commanding intromittors whatsoever with said fruits that they promptly attend, obey, and make thankful payment thereof to them. In witness of which thing, to this our present charter, we command our great seal to be appended. Witnesses - the most reverend father in Christ, John, Archbishop of St Andrews, &c.; our beloved cousins, George, Earl of Huntly, Lord Gordon and Badenoch, our Chancellor; James Earl of Bothwell; Lord Halis, Creichton and Liddesdale, Great Admiral of our Kingdom; our beloved familiar advisers, Richard Maitland of Lethingtoun, Keeper of our Secret Seal; James Balfour of Pettindreich, Clerk of the Register of our Rolls and Council; and John Bellenden of Auchnoule, our Justiciary Clerk, knights aurati.* At Edinburgh, the 21st day of the month of April A.D. 1567, and of our reign the twenty fifth.'

[Fraser-Mackintosh note] * The military knighthood is that of the ancient knights, and was acquired by valiant feats of arms. In old documents they were called milites, and sometimes milites aurati. They were girt with a sword, and a pair of gilt spurs - hence the term milites auratus.

Accession Number: INVMG 2002.028

Glossary

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Charter granted to the burgh of Inverness by Mary, Queen of Scots, 1567 (Front)

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1560s

charters; legal; law; documents; land rights; property rights; seals; burghs

Inverness Museum and Art Gallery

Home Guard/Civil Defence papers

Mary, Queen of Scots granted the following charter to the town of Inverness on 21st April 1567, shortly before she was dethroned. (James VI was proclaimed King on 29th July 1567.)<br /> <br /> The image shows the front of the document.<br /> <br /> In the charter, Mary confirms the previous grants and privileges granted to the burgh. She also grants to the provost, bailies and council all the property that had previously belonged to the Dominican friars, for the support of ministers of God and for hospitals for the poor, the injured and all orphaned children.<br /> <br /> In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 232-233), the document is translated from the original Latin thus:<br /> <br /> [For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]<br /> <br /> 'Mary, by the grace of God Queen of Scots. To all good men of her whole kingdom, cleric and laic; Greeting; Know that we, carefully considering our duty toward the service of God, and because of the ardent zeal which we have for the upholding of the State, and for the preservation of due order among our subjects, and chiefly within our burgh of Inverness; considering, therefore, that we, by our office, are bound, and ought to consider our duty toward God, by whose providence we are placed in the government of this kingdom, and also that it is by our office incumbent upon us to provide by every honest means for the ministers of the Word of God, and that hospitals should be maintained within our said burgh for poor, mutilated, and wretched, for orphans and children without parents; we, after our perfect age, with advice of the Lords of our Secret Council, have given, granted, disponed, and for us and our successors for ever confirmed, and also by the tenor of these presents we gave, granted, disponed, and for us and our successors for ever confirmed to our beloved, the Provost, bailies, council, and community of our said burgh of Inverness and their successors for ever, all and sundry the lands, tenements, houses, buildings, churches, chapels, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, and anniversaries whatsomever, which in any way pertained or are known to pertain to whatsoever chaplaincies, vicarages, altarages, and prebendaries, in whatsoever church, chapel, or college within the liberty, privilege, and parish of our said burgh of Inverness, founded by whatsoever patron, in the possession whereof the chaplains, vicars and prebendaries thereof had been formerly, wherever the forsaid houses, tenements, buildings, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, anniversaries, fruits, profits, and emoluments lie or were formerly levied respectively, with manor-places, gardens, acres, lands, annual rents, emoluments, duties, mills, and fishings which formerly pertained to the Dominican or Preaching Friars of our said burgh, together with all and sundry lands, houses, tenements, lying within our said burgh, privilege and parish thereof, with all annual rents of whatsoever house, lands, or tenement, within our said burgh, given, donated, and founded to whatsoever chaplaincies, altarages, churches, mortuaries, and anniversaries wheresoever they are within our kingdom; and also with all and sundry annual rents and other duties paid to, or which could be demanded by whatever church without our said burgh from the Provost or bailies of the common rent of the same, for celebrating orisons, with the pertinents: To be held and had all and sundry the foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, gardens, orchards, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, anniversaries, churches, chapels, the abodes of the Friars, gardens, milns, and fishings thereof, with their pertinents, by the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and community, and their successors, of us and our successors for ever, according as they lie in length and breadth in houses, buildings, walls, materials, wood, stone and lime, with free ish and entry, and with all and sundry liberties, commodities, profits, easements, and their just pertinents whatsoever, as well not named as named, both under and above ground, belonging, or which can in any way in future justly belong to foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, gardens, orchards, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, mills, fishings, emoluments, and others above-written, with the pertinents, freely, quietly, fully, wholly, honourably, well, and in peace, without revocation or contradiction whatsoever; with power to the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and community, and their successors by themselves or their collectors whom they appoint, of levying and receiving foresaid annual rents, fruits, and duties whatsoever, wherever they had been formerly levied, of setting and removing foresaid lands and tenements, of building up and repairing broken-down places, and of converting and applying the same into hospitals or other similar lawful uses, according as to them, with the advice of the ministers and elders of the said burgh, shall seem expedient, as fully in all as the foresaid prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, or friars above-written, could have formerly been able to enjoy and possess the same: And the foresaid Provost, bailies, council, and their successors shall be bound and obliged to maintain ministers, readers, and other ecclesiastical burdens, with the foresaid annual rents, profits and duties, in proportion to their value and quantity, and to apply the places and buildings repaired to hospitality and others before-written; and also, considering with what great fraud a great number of said prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, and friars before-written, who, after the change of religion, disponed, alienated, and gifted away into the hands of certain particular men, their lands, annual rents, and tenements, formerly mortified to chaplains, prebendaries, friars, and other places respectively; and also that very many of our lieges claimed right to, and recovered certain lands, tenements, and annual rents, mortified by their predecessors by means of brieves of our chapel, or otherwise by sasine, as heirs of their predecessors who formerly donated the same to the church, which seems to have happened partly by the negligence of the officers of our said burgh, and partly by the collusion of said prebendaries, chaplains, vicars, and friars above-written: Wherefore, with advice foresaid, by these presents we rescind and annul all and sundry such alienations, dispositions, and sasines, by which the first purpose and intention of the founders are infringed, altered, or varied, by applying the same to particular uses, to the effect that they may be converted to the uses above-written, which declaration of ours we will to be of as much strength and efficacy as if the persons who obtained such dispositions had been individually cited and their infeftments rescinded without further process: And also, with advice foresaid, we unite and incorporate all and sundry the foresaid lands, tenements, houses, buildings, churches, burying-grounds, chapels, orchards, gardens, acres, crofts, annual rents, fruits, duties, profits, emoluments, rents, alms, obits, anniversaries, abodes of the friars, mills and fishings thereof, with their pertinents, into one body for ever, to be called our foundation for the ministers and hospitality of our said burgh of Inverness: We will also that one sasine by the foresaid Provost and bailies, or any of them, in name of said community, at the Court-house of our said burgh, shall be accepted as sufficient sasine once and for all, for ever, in future, as if the same, notwithstanding the distance of the places, were taken upon the particular lands pertaining to said chaplains, prebendaries, vicars, and friars, or to foresaid annual rents, anniversaries, rents, profits, and duties due to them: Moreover, by these presents we forbid the chaplains, prebendaries, vicars, and friars, who before said change of religion had been provided, to be prejudiced by this our present infeftment, but we reserve to them the use of said fruits and duties during their life only: Commanding, therefore, our chamberlains, present and future, and their collectors and factors, and any other whose interest it is, that no one, in kind or in specie, presume to receive or levy said fruits particularly above-written for any time past or future, nor hinder and cause any impediment to the foresaid Provost, bailies, councillors and community, and their successors, in peaceful possession thereof; also requiring and ordaining our Lords of Session that they direct our letters in all the four forms, at the instance of said Provost, bailies, community, and their successors, to the effect above-written, and also commanding intromittors whatsoever with said fruits that they promptly attend, obey, and make thankful payment thereof to them. In witness of which thing, to this our present charter, we command our great seal to be appended. Witnesses - the most reverend father in Christ, John, Archbishop of St Andrews, &c.; our beloved cousins, George, Earl of Huntly, Lord Gordon and Badenoch, our Chancellor; James Earl of Bothwell; Lord Halis, Creichton and Liddesdale, Great Admiral of our Kingdom; our beloved familiar advisers, Richard Maitland of Lethingtoun, Keeper of our Secret Seal; James Balfour of Pettindreich, Clerk of the Register of our Rolls and Council; and John Bellenden of Auchnoule, our Justiciary Clerk, knights aurati.* At Edinburgh, the 21st day of the month of April A.D. 1567, and of our reign the twenty fifth.'<br /> <br /> [Fraser-Mackintosh note] * The military knighthood is that of the ancient knights, and was acquired by valiant feats of arms. In old documents they were called milites, and sometimes milites aurati. They were girt with a sword, and a pair of gilt spurs - hence the term milites auratus.<br /> <br /> Accession Number: INVMG 2002.028 <br /> <br /> <a href="http://www.ambaile.org.uk/?service=asset&action=show_zoom_window_popup&language=en&asset=708&location=grid&asset_list=19947,708&basket_item_id=undefined" target=”_blank”>Glossary</a>