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TITLE
Culloden Battlefield
EXTERNAL ID
AB_CULLODEN_REPHOTOGRAPHY_03
PLACENAME
Culloden Moor
DISTRICT
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
2008
PERIOD
2000s
CREATOR
Janine Donald
SOURCE
Janine Donald
ASSET ID
298
KEYWORDS
battles
battlefields
memorials
gravestone
gravestones
cairns
Jacobites
Hanoverians
Charles Edward Stewart
armies
dukes
kings
dynasties
Stuarts
Stewarts
Culloden Battlefield

This photograph shows Culloden Battlefield, with the memorial cairn in the background, erected by Duncan Forbes of Culloden in 1881 in memory of the fallen Jacobites.

The Battle of Culloden took place on 16 April 1746 between the Jacobite supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and the army of the Hanoverian King George II. It was the culmination of a civil war fought over religious and political beliefs which divided both clan and country. Discontent with the rule of the Catholic King James VII of Scotland & II of England led to William of Orange being invited to contest the throne in 1688 prompting James to flee to France. The Jacobite rebellion of 1745-6 (known as 'the Forty-Five') was the last of several unsuccessful attempts to restore the Stuart dynasty to the monarchy.

The Jacobite Standard was raised on 19 August 1745 at Glenfinnan with Charles Edward proclaimed as Regent and his father as King James VIII and III. His army marched towards London but received less support in England that had been expected. A decision was taken to return to the Highlands. An army commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and youngest son of George II, pursued them. The two armies met on Drumossie Moor (as Culloden was then known).

The Jacobites were outnumbered, poorly equipped and lacking in firepower, munitions and cavalry. They had marched all the previous night on an abortive foray and they were hungry (their food supplies having been left in Inverness). In addition, the battleground suited Cumberland's cavalry and canon and was wholly unsuitable for the Jacobites' most effective tactic - the charge. The Jacobites were routed in less than an hour.

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Culloden Battlefield

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

2000s

battles; battlefields; memorials; gravestone; gravestones; cairns; Jacobites; Hanoverians; Charles Edward Stewart; armies; dukes; kings; dynasties; Stuarts; Stewarts

Janine Donald

This photograph shows Culloden Battlefield, with the memorial cairn in the background, erected by Duncan Forbes of Culloden in 1881 in memory of the fallen Jacobites. <br /> <br /> The Battle of Culloden took place on 16 April 1746 between the Jacobite supporters of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and the army of the Hanoverian King George II. It was the culmination of a civil war fought over religious and political beliefs which divided both clan and country. Discontent with the rule of the Catholic King James VII of Scotland & II of England led to William of Orange being invited to contest the throne in 1688 prompting James to flee to France. The Jacobite rebellion of 1745-6 (known as 'the Forty-Five') was the last of several unsuccessful attempts to restore the Stuart dynasty to the monarchy.<br /> <br /> The Jacobite Standard was raised on 19 August 1745 at Glenfinnan with Charles Edward proclaimed as Regent and his father as King James VIII and III. His army marched towards London but received less support in England that had been expected. A decision was taken to return to the Highlands. An army commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and youngest son of George II, pursued them. The two armies met on Drumossie Moor (as Culloden was then known). <br /> <br /> The Jacobites were outnumbered, poorly equipped and lacking in firepower, munitions and cavalry. They had marched all the previous night on an abortive foray and they were hungry (their food supplies having been left in Inverness). In addition, the battleground suited Cumberland's cavalry and canon and was wholly unsuitable for the Jacobites' most effective tactic - the charge. The Jacobites were routed in less than an hour.