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TITLE
Plan of the Battle of Culloden
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_21_P156
PLACENAME
Culloden
DISTRICT
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
1748
PERIOD
1740s
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
30748
KEYWORDS
Battle of Culloden
Culloden
battles
plans
clans
Bonnie Prince Charlie
Duke of Cumberland
Jacobites
Hanovarians
Charles Edward Stuart
zoomable

The Battle of Culloden was the last battle to be fought on British soil and also saw the end of the 1745 Jacobite Rising and of the Jacobite cause.
By April 1746, the Jacobite army was tired, hungry and demoralised after the long march north from Derby, a hostile stay in Glasgow and the lack of promised French reinforcements. As the army was pursued north by the Duke of Cumberland, many Highlanders began to desert in search of food and to return to their homes. Despite advice from Lord George Murray to take to the hills and fight, Bonnie Prince Charlie chose Culloden Moor to stand against the government army. Culloden Moor was totally unsuitable for the Highland 'charge and slash' battle tactics and was more suited to the government army tactics.

On the night of 15 April 1746, the Jacobite army marched to Nairn, twelve miles from Inverness, in the hope of attacking the Duke of Cumberland's army and taking them by surprise. However, when they reached Nairn just before dawn, they found the government army awake and celebrating the Duke of Cumberland's 25th birthday, so the Jacobites turned back and marched the ten miles back to Culloden.

Realising that the Jacobites had been marching all night, the Duke of Cumberland decided to face them at Culloden Moor on 16 April. The government artillery provoked the Highlanders into charging but the ground was unsuitable for the Highland charge. In many places the Highlanders were stopped by musket and cannon fire before they could reach the government line.

The battle was over in less than an hour. Approximately 1500 Jacobites were killed during and after the battle, including innocent bystanders, women and children. This action earned the Duke of Cumberland the nickname 'Butcher'. Bonnie Prince Charlie fled the battlefield before the end of the fighting and eventually escaped back through France to Rome.

This plan was taken from 'An Impartial History of the Late Rebellion in 1745', by S Boyse

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Plan of the Battle of Culloden

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1740s

Battle of Culloden; Culloden; battles; plans; clans; Bonnie Prince Charlie; Duke of Cumberland; Jacobites; Hanovarians; Charles Edward Stuart; zoomable

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (maps)

The Battle of Culloden was the last battle to be fought on British soil and also saw the end of the 1745 Jacobite Rising and of the Jacobite cause.<br /> By April 1746, the Jacobite army was tired, hungry and demoralised after the long march north from Derby, a hostile stay in Glasgow and the lack of promised French reinforcements. As the army was pursued north by the Duke of Cumberland, many Highlanders began to desert in search of food and to return to their homes. Despite advice from Lord George Murray to take to the hills and fight, Bonnie Prince Charlie chose Culloden Moor to stand against the government army. Culloden Moor was totally unsuitable for the Highland 'charge and slash' battle tactics and was more suited to the government army tactics.<br /> <br /> On the night of 15 April 1746, the Jacobite army marched to Nairn, twelve miles from Inverness, in the hope of attacking the Duke of Cumberland's army and taking them by surprise. However, when they reached Nairn just before dawn, they found the government army awake and celebrating the Duke of Cumberland's 25th birthday, so the Jacobites turned back and marched the ten miles back to Culloden.<br /> <br /> Realising that the Jacobites had been marching all night, the Duke of Cumberland decided to face them at Culloden Moor on 16 April. The government artillery provoked the Highlanders into charging but the ground was unsuitable for the Highland charge. In many places the Highlanders were stopped by musket and cannon fire before they could reach the government line.<br /> <br /> The battle was over in less than an hour. Approximately 1500 Jacobites were killed during and after the battle, including innocent bystanders, women and children. This action earned the Duke of Cumberland the nickname 'Butcher'. Bonnie Prince Charlie fled the battlefield before the end of the fighting and eventually escaped back through France to Rome.<br /> <br /> This plan was taken from 'An Impartial History of the Late Rebellion in 1745', by S Boyse