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TITLE
William, Duke of Cumberland
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_126_P240
DATE OF IMAGE
1845
PERIOD
1740s
CREATOR
Sir J Reynolds
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
30898
KEYWORDS
Jacobites
battles
Bonnie Prince Charlie
Charles Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stewart
clan system
armies
William, Duke of Cumberland

William Augustus Hanover, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765) was the second son of George II. He was created Duke of Cumberland in 1726 and also held the titles of Marquis of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron of Alderney. He was sent to Scotland to stop the Jacobite Rising in 1745.

On 16 April 1746 Cumberland's army faced the Jacobite forces at Culloden. The battle was over in less than an hour with the Jacobites defeated. Any chance of a Stuart succession to the throne ended at Culloden.

After the battle the Jacobites were pursued and executed, the wounded were shot, homes were burned and cattle were driven off. This earned the Duke the nickname 'Butcher Cumberland'. Cumberland set about the systematic destruction of the clan system and the Highland way of life. His military career ended in disgrace when he surrendered to the French during the Seven Years War. He died of a brain clot in 1765.

This portrait was taken from 'A History of the Highlands and of the Highland Clans', by James Browne

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William, Duke of Cumberland

1740s

Jacobites; battles; Bonnie Prince Charlie; Charles Edward Stuart; Charles Edward Stewart; clan system; armies

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

William Augustus Hanover, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765) was the second son of George II. He was created Duke of Cumberland in 1726 and also held the titles of Marquis of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron of Alderney. He was sent to Scotland to stop the Jacobite Rising in 1745.<br /> <br /> On 16 April 1746 Cumberland's army faced the Jacobite forces at Culloden. The battle was over in less than an hour with the Jacobites defeated. Any chance of a Stuart succession to the throne ended at Culloden. <br /> <br /> After the battle the Jacobites were pursued and executed, the wounded were shot, homes were burned and cattle were driven off. This earned the Duke the nickname 'Butcher Cumberland'. Cumberland set about the systematic destruction of the clan system and the Highland way of life. His military career ended in disgrace when he surrendered to the French during the Seven Years War. He died of a brain clot in 1765.<br /> <br /> This portrait was taken from 'A History of the Highlands and of the Highland Clans', by James Browne