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TITLE
Battle of Culloden
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_126_P242
PLACENAME
Drumossie Moor
DISTRICT
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
1845
PERIOD
1740s
CREATOR
Captain W Mackenzie
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
30899
KEYWORDS
Battle of Culloden
Culloden
battles
plans
clans
Hanoverians
Charles Edward Stuart
Charles Edward Stewart
Battle of Culloden

By April 1746, the Jacobite army was tired, hungry and demoralised after the long march north from Derby, a hostile stay in Glasgow and the lack of promised French reinforcements. As the army was pursued north by the Duke of Cumberland, many Highlanders began to desert in search of food and to return to their homes. Despite advice from Lord George Murray to take to the hills and fight, Bonnie Prince Charlie chose Culloden Moor, then known as Drumossie Moor, as the place to stand against the government army.

On the night of 15 April 1746, the Jacobite army marched to Nairn from Culloden in the hope of attacking the Duke's army and taking them by surprise. However, when they reached Nairn just before dawn, they found the government army awake so the Jacobites marched the ten miles back to Culloden.

Realising that the Jacobites had been marching all night, the Duke decided to face them at Culloden Moor on the 16th April. The government artillery provoked the Highlanders into charging but the ground was unsuitable for the Highland charge. In many places the Highlanders were stopped by musket and cannon fire before they could reach the government line.

The battle was over in less than an hour. Approximately 1500 Jacobites were killed during and after the battle, including innocent bystanders, women and children. This action earned the Duke of Cumberland the nickname 'Butcher'. Bonnie Prince Charlie fled the battlefield before the end of the fighting and eventually escaped back through France to Rome.

This portrait was taken from 'A History of the Highlands and of the Highland Clans', by James Browne

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Battle of Culloden

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1740s

Battle of Culloden; Culloden; battles; plans; clans; Hanoverians; Charles Edward Stuart; Charles Edward Stewart

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

By April 1746, the Jacobite army was tired, hungry and demoralised after the long march north from Derby, a hostile stay in Glasgow and the lack of promised French reinforcements. As the army was pursued north by the Duke of Cumberland, many Highlanders began to desert in search of food and to return to their homes. Despite advice from Lord George Murray to take to the hills and fight, Bonnie Prince Charlie chose Culloden Moor, then known as Drumossie Moor, as the place to stand against the government army.<br /> <br /> On the night of 15 April 1746, the Jacobite army marched to Nairn from Culloden in the hope of attacking the Duke's army and taking them by surprise. However, when they reached Nairn just before dawn, they found the government army awake so the Jacobites marched the ten miles back to Culloden.<br /> <br /> Realising that the Jacobites had been marching all night, the Duke decided to face them at Culloden Moor on the 16th April. The government artillery provoked the Highlanders into charging but the ground was unsuitable for the Highland charge. In many places the Highlanders were stopped by musket and cannon fire before they could reach the government line.<br /> <br /> The battle was over in less than an hour. Approximately 1500 Jacobites were killed during and after the battle, including innocent bystanders, women and children. This action earned the Duke of Cumberland the nickname 'Butcher'. Bonnie Prince Charlie fled the battlefield before the end of the fighting and eventually escaped back through France to Rome.<br /> <br /> This portrait was taken from 'A History of the Highlands and of the Highland Clans', by James Browne