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TITLE
Pass of Killiecrankie
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_159_375
PLACENAME
Pass of Killiecrankie
DISTRICT
Highland
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
PERTH: Blair Atholl
DATE OF IMAGE
1874
PERIOD
1700s
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
30948
KEYWORDS
Killiecrankie
battles
General Hugh Mackay
Viscount Dundee
Highland Charge
rifles
broadswords
Soldier's Leap
passes
charges
Jacobites
armies
troops
Pass of Killiecrankie

The Battle of Killiecrankie took place on 27th July 1689 between the Jacobite forces of Viscount Dundee and the Williamite forces of General Hugh Mackay. Intelligent tactical judgment led Dundee to take up position on a ridge to the right of the pass exit. Mackay advanced to the level ground below the ridge and waited rather than initiate an attack uphill. Because of Dundee's tactical thinking, Mackay's troops faced west into the sun with the river blocking their back.

At a signal the Jacobites charged downhill, firing and discarding their 1-shot rifles, and attacked Mackay's troops with their broadswords. The terrified raw recruits of Mackay's army broke rank and ran, pursued by the Jacobites. One soldier in Mackay's army, Donald MacBean, jumped the River Garry at a place now known as Soldier's Leap. The highly effective Highland Charge meant that the battle lasted barely 15 minutes.
Viscount Dundee was killed in the battle and this led to the Jacobite army falling into disarray. They were subdued by Mackay within the year.

This illustration was taken from 'A History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Highland Regiments vol. 1' ed. by John S. Keltie

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Pass of Killiecrankie

PERTH: Blair Atholl

1700s

Killiecrankie; battles; General Hugh Mackay; Viscount Dundee; Highland Charge; rifles; broadswords; Soldier's Leap; passes; charges; Jacobites; armies; troops

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

The Battle of Killiecrankie took place on 27th July 1689 between the Jacobite forces of Viscount Dundee and the Williamite forces of General Hugh Mackay. Intelligent tactical judgment led Dundee to take up position on a ridge to the right of the pass exit. Mackay advanced to the level ground below the ridge and waited rather than initiate an attack uphill. Because of Dundee's tactical thinking, Mackay's troops faced west into the sun with the river blocking their back. <br /> <br /> At a signal the Jacobites charged downhill, firing and discarding their 1-shot rifles, and attacked Mackay's troops with their broadswords. The terrified raw recruits of Mackay's army broke rank and ran, pursued by the Jacobites. One soldier in Mackay's army, Donald MacBean, jumped the River Garry at a place now known as Soldier's Leap. The highly effective Highland Charge meant that the battle lasted barely 15 minutes. <br /> Viscount Dundee was killed in the battle and this led to the Jacobite army falling into disarray. They were subdued by Mackay within the year.<br /> <br /> This illustration was taken from 'A History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Highland Regiments vol. 1' ed. by John S. Keltie