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TITLE
Prince Charles Edward Stuart
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_159_758
DATE OF IMAGE
1874
PERIOD
1770s
CREATOR
Ozias Humphrey, RA
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
30983
KEYWORDS
Bonnie Prince Charlie
Charles Edward Stuart
Culloden
Jacobites
Scottish Crown
Flora MacDonald
Prince Charles Edward Stuart

Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788) was the first son of James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender. He was born in Rome, the grandson of James VII and II of Britain who had been deposed during the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688.

Charles Edward regarded his father as the rightful heir to the British throne. After his father's failed Jacobite rising of 1715, Charles Edward, or Bonnie Prince Charlie, led the Jacobite rising of 1745 in an attempt to reclaim the throne for the Stuart kings. The rising started well and the Jacobites reached Derby in England before they retreated to the Highlands of Scotland. The Jacobite army met the government army at Culloden Moor in April 1746. The last pitched battle fought on British soil was over in less than an hour and, with it, the Jacobite Rising.

After the defeat at Culloden, Bonnie Prince Charlie became the most wanted man in Britain but managed to escape to France with the help of Flora MacDonald. He lived out his life in exile in Rome, having an illegitimate daughter, Charlotte, before marrying Louise Maximilienne Caroline in 1772. He died depressed and drunk in Rome in 1788.

This illustration was taken from 'A History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Highland Regiments vol. 1' ed. by John S. Keltie

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Prince Charles Edward Stuart

1770s

Bonnie Prince Charlie; Charles Edward Stuart; Culloden; Jacobites; Scottish Crown; Flora MacDonald;

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788) was the first son of James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender. He was born in Rome, the grandson of James VII and II of Britain who had been deposed during the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688. <br /> <br /> Charles Edward regarded his father as the rightful heir to the British throne. After his father's failed Jacobite rising of 1715, Charles Edward, or Bonnie Prince Charlie, led the Jacobite rising of 1745 in an attempt to reclaim the throne for the Stuart kings. The rising started well and the Jacobites reached Derby in England before they retreated to the Highlands of Scotland. The Jacobite army met the government army at Culloden Moor in April 1746. The last pitched battle fought on British soil was over in less than an hour and, with it, the Jacobite Rising.<br /> <br /> After the defeat at Culloden, Bonnie Prince Charlie became the most wanted man in Britain but managed to escape to France with the help of Flora MacDonald. He lived out his life in exile in Rome, having an illegitimate daughter, Charlotte, before marrying Louise Maximilienne Caroline in 1772. He died depressed and drunk in Rome in 1788. <br /> <br /> This illustration was taken from 'A History of the Scottish Highlands, Highland Clans and Highland Regiments vol. 1' ed. by John S. Keltie