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TITLE
Capercaillie
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_351_P218
DATE OF IMAGE
1776
PERIOD
1760s
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
31171
KEYWORDS
Capercaillies
birds
grouse
woodlands
forests
pine forests
Capercaillie

The Capercaillie (wood grouse) is the world's largest grouse. Male birds grow to about 4kg and females to about 2kg. Male capercaillies are black or very dark grey in colour and females are brown with a chestnut-coloured front.

Capercaillies became extinct in Scotland during the 17th century but were reintroduced in the 1830s from Sweden. By 1862 there were 1000-2000 breeding pairs and in the 1970s there were estimated to be about 20,000 birds. Today there are only about 1000 birds left in Scotland due to climate change, land management and an increase in the number of predators.

The capercaillie's natural habitat is pine forest. They are rarely seen as they are shy birds but become quite fierce if disturbed.

This illustration was taken from 'A Tour in Scotland' by Thomas Pennant

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Capercaillie

1760s

Capercaillies; birds; grouse; woodlands; forests; pine forests

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

The Capercaillie (wood grouse) is the world's largest grouse. Male birds grow to about 4kg and females to about 2kg. Male capercaillies are black or very dark grey in colour and females are brown with a chestnut-coloured front.<br /> <br /> Capercaillies became extinct in Scotland during the 17th century but were reintroduced in the 1830s from Sweden. By 1862 there were 1000-2000 breeding pairs and in the 1970s there were estimated to be about 20,000 birds. Today there are only about 1000 birds left in Scotland due to climate change, land management and an increase in the number of predators.<br /> <br /> The capercaillie's natural habitat is pine forest. They are rarely seen as they are shy birds but become quite fierce if disturbed.<br /> <br /> This illustration was taken from 'A Tour in Scotland' by Thomas Pennant