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TITLE
The Battle-Ground of Killiecrankie
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_914_P001
PLACENAME
Killiecrankie
DISTRICT
Highland
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
PERTH: Blair Atholl
DATE OF IMAGE
1829
PERIOD
1680s
CREATOR
D O Hill
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
31365
KEYWORDS
battles
General Hugh Mackay
Viscount Dundee
charges
Jacobites
armies
troops
The Battle-Ground of Killiecrankie

The Battle of Killiecrankie took place on 27th July 1689 between the Jacobite forces of Viscount Dundee and the Williamite or Government forces of General Hugh Mackay. Intelligent tactical judgment led Dundee to take up position on a ridge to the right of the pass exit. Mackay advanced to the level ground below the ridge and waited rather than initiate an attack uphill. Because of Dundee's tactical thinking, Mackay's troops faced west into the sun with the river blocking their back.

At a signal the Jacobites charged downhill, firing and discarding their 1-shot rifles, and attacked Mackay's troops with their broadswords. The terrified raw recruits of Mackay's army broke rank and ran, pursued by the Jacobites. The highly effective Highland Charge meant that the battle lasted barely 15 minutes. Viscount Dundee was killed in the battle and this led to the Jacobite army falling into disarray. They were subdued by Mackay within the year.

This illustration can be found in 'History of the Rebellions in Scotland, under the Viscount of Dundee. And the Earl of Mar, in 1689 and 1715', by Robert Chambers

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The Battle-Ground of Killiecrankie

PERTH: Blair Atholl

1680s

battles; General Hugh Mackay; Viscount Dundee; charges; Jacobites; armies; troops

Highland Libraries

Fraser Mackintosh Collection (illustrations)

The Battle of Killiecrankie took place on 27th July 1689 between the Jacobite forces of Viscount Dundee and the Williamite or Government forces of General Hugh Mackay. Intelligent tactical judgment led Dundee to take up position on a ridge to the right of the pass exit. Mackay advanced to the level ground below the ridge and waited rather than initiate an attack uphill. Because of Dundee's tactical thinking, Mackay's troops faced west into the sun with the river blocking their back. <br /> <br /> At a signal the Jacobites charged downhill, firing and discarding their 1-shot rifles, and attacked Mackay's troops with their broadswords. The terrified raw recruits of Mackay's army broke rank and ran, pursued by the Jacobites. The highly effective Highland Charge meant that the battle lasted barely 15 minutes. Viscount Dundee was killed in the battle and this led to the Jacobite army falling into disarray. They were subdued by Mackay within the year. <br /> <br /> This illustration can be found in 'History of the Rebellions in Scotland, under the Viscount of Dundee. And the Earl of Mar, in 1689 and 1715', by Robert Chambers