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TITLE
The Maiden
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_2471_1860-1862_P290
DATE OF IMAGE
1862
PERIOD
1860s
SOURCE
Highland Libraries
ASSET ID
31531
KEYWORDS
crime and punishment
death
execution
beheading
law and order
The Maiden

The Maiden was the precursor to the guillotine used during the French Revolution. The machine was made of two upright posts, grooved on the inside, and joined at the top by a crossbeam. A knife was place in the grooves and allowed to fall on the neck of the victim below. This method of beheading was supposed to deliver a quick and painless death and was considered more humane than the conventional axe method of beheading.

Archibald Campbell, the 1st Marquis of Argyll, was beheaded by the maiden in Edinburgh in 1661.

This illustration can be found in vol. IV of the 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries in Scotland', 1860-1862

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The Maiden

1860s

crime and punishment; death; execution; beheading; law and order

Highland Libraries

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (illustrations)

The Maiden was the precursor to the guillotine used during the French Revolution. The machine was made of two upright posts, grooved on the inside, and joined at the top by a crossbeam. A knife was place in the grooves and allowed to fall on the neck of the victim below. This method of beheading was supposed to deliver a quick and painless death and was considered more humane than the conventional axe method of beheading.<br /> <br /> Archibald Campbell, the 1st Marquis of Argyll, was beheaded by the maiden in Edinburgh in 1661.<br /> <br /> This illustration can be found in vol. IV of the 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries in Scotland', 1860-1862