Please Sign In | Register
Google pluspinterestShare on Stumble UponShare on RedditFacebookShare on Tumblr
TITLE
Agreement Concerning Ecclesiastical Exactions (demands for payment), 1474 (Front)
EXTERNAL ID
GB1796_2002_097_1
PLACENAME
Inverness
OLD COUNTY/PARISH
INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona
DATE OF IMAGE
20 July 1474
PERIOD
1470s
SOURCE
Inverness Museum and Art Gallery
ASSET ID
807
KEYWORDS
charters
legal
law
documents
land rights
property rights
seals
burghs
Agreement Concerning Ecclesiastical Exactions (demands for payment), 1474 (Front)

This memorandum of agreement dated 20 July 1474 concerns a dispute between Alexander Sutherland, vicar of Inverness, and the community of the burgh of Inverness. Issued by David, Bishop of Moray, the memorandum is concerned with the clergy's demands for payment on the occasion of the death of a parishioner. Known as a 'corpse present' the tax usually took the form of the deceased's best cow. Also mentioned is the 'upmast claith' which was the deceased's uppermost bed covering.

The image shows the front of the document.

In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 150-151), the document is translated from the original Scots thus:

[For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]

'Memorandum that it is appointed, concorded, and decreed by us, David, by the grace of God, Bishop of Moray' and our chapter, chapterly gathered therefor in the consistorial place of our said kirk, the 20th day of the month of July, the year of God 1474, in these causes and matters after-following, proponed and furthshown before us, the foresaids David, Bishop, and canons of our chapter, by those parties after written - that is to say, Master Alexander Sutherland, vicar perpetual of the said burgh of Inverness, and the alderman, bailies, and community of the said burgh, in the first, anent the debate betwixt the said parties of the taking of the corpse-present and the uppermost cloth to be taken within the same burgh, and the freedom of the same, off free burgesses, or off their servants, it is provided, and finally decreed for ever to endure, that the said vicar nor his successors shall never have nor raise corpse-present nor uppermost cloth off no free burgess nor his servants within the said burgh of Inverness, or the freedom of the same: And also, the said vicar shall have off the seculars (the laity), of every child in the freedom of the same, but fourpence, and twopence to be given to the clerk: And also, that none shall pay a pound of wax to the vicar, but that they pay (of their own free will), and are of power to pay by law a corpse-present and uppermost cloth to the said vicar: And as anent the teind salmon, they shall be sorted even as they are taken, the great together, the middlemost together, and the smallest together, and the said vicar shall take to the teind the second best of every sort: And also, if any burgess shall happen to dwell without the town immunity, and within the freedom of the same, that is, in the gresschip thereof, they shall be as free of corpse-present and uppermost cloth and all other demand of the foresaid vicar as they that remain within the said town and burgh: In witness of the which thing we, the foresaid David, Bishop, have made our round seal, with the common seal of our chapter, procured with instance of the said parties, to be also appended before these witnesses - Masters John of Grahame, John Winchester, Alexander Stewart, chancellor, subdean, and subchanter of the foresaid Kirk of Moray: Sir Thomas Sinclair, William of Galbrath, prebendaries of Aberlour and Spiny; Master Thomas, the Grant, official of Moray, and Sir David Anderson, Vicar of Dyke, with others, many and divers, year, day, and place foresaid.'

Accession Number: INVMG 2002.097

Glossary

For guidance on the use of images and other content, please see the Terms and Conditions page.
High Life Highland is a company limited by guarantee registered in Scotland No. SC407011 and is a registered Scottish charity No. SC042593
Powered by Capture

Agreement Concerning Ecclesiastical Exactions (demands for payment), 1474 (Front)

INVERNESS: Inverness and Bona

1470s

charters; legal; law; documents; land rights; property rights; seals; burghs

Inverness Museum and Art Gallery

Inverness Burgh Documents (1)

This memorandum of agreement dated 20 July 1474 concerns a dispute between Alexander Sutherland, vicar of Inverness, and the community of the burgh of Inverness. Issued by David, Bishop of Moray, the memorandum is concerned with the clergy's demands for payment on the occasion of the death of a parishioner. Known as a 'corpse present' the tax usually took the form of the deceased's best cow. Also mentioned is the 'upmast claith' which was the deceased's uppermost bed covering.<br /> <br /> The image shows the front of the document.<br /> <br /> In Charles Fraser-Mackintosh's 1875 publication, 'Invernessiana: Contributions Toward a History of the Town and Parish of Inverness, from 1160 to 1599' (pp 150-151), the document is translated from the original Scots thus:<br /> <br /> [For a glossary of some of the terms used in the Inverness burgh documents please follow the link towards the foot of this page]<br /> <br /> 'Memorandum that it is appointed, concorded, and decreed by us, David, by the grace of God, Bishop of Moray' and our chapter, chapterly gathered therefor in the consistorial place of our said kirk, the 20th day of the month of July, the year of God 1474, in these causes and matters after-following, proponed and furthshown before us, the foresaids David, Bishop, and canons of our chapter, by those parties after written - that is to say, Master Alexander Sutherland, vicar perpetual of the said burgh of Inverness, and the alderman, bailies, and community of the said burgh, in the first, anent the debate betwixt the said parties of the taking of the corpse-present and the uppermost cloth to be taken within the same burgh, and the freedom of the same, off free burgesses, or off their servants, it is provided, and finally decreed for ever to endure, that the said vicar nor his successors shall never have nor raise corpse-present nor uppermost cloth off no free burgess nor his servants within the said burgh of Inverness, or the freedom of the same: And also, the said vicar shall have off the seculars (the laity), of every child in the freedom of the same, but fourpence, and twopence to be given to the clerk: And also, that none shall pay a pound of wax to the vicar, but that they pay (of their own free will), and are of power to pay by law a corpse-present and uppermost cloth to the said vicar: And as anent the teind salmon, they shall be sorted even as they are taken, the great together, the middlemost together, and the smallest together, and the said vicar shall take to the teind the second best of every sort: And also, if any burgess shall happen to dwell without the town immunity, and within the freedom of the same, that is, in the gresschip thereof, they shall be as free of corpse-present and uppermost cloth and all other demand of the foresaid vicar as they that remain within the said town and burgh: In witness of the which thing we, the foresaid David, Bishop, have made our round seal, with the common seal of our chapter, procured with instance of the said parties, to be also appended before these witnesses - Masters John of Grahame, John Winchester, Alexander Stewart, chancellor, subdean, and subchanter of the foresaid Kirk of Moray: Sir Thomas Sinclair, William of Galbrath, prebendaries of Aberlour and Spiny; Master Thomas, the Grant, official of Moray, and Sir David Anderson, Vicar of Dyke, with others, many and divers, year, day, and place foresaid.'<br /> <br /> Accession Number: INVMG 2002.097 <br /> <br /> <a href="http://www.ambaile.org.uk/?service=asset&action=show_zoom_window_popup&language=en&asset=708&location=grid&asset_list=19947,708&basket_item_id=undefined" target=”_blank”>Glossary</a>