Ùrachadh mu Dheireadh 08/11/2017
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TIOTAL
The Highland Seer' (1 of 2)
EXTERNAL ID
AB_LL_ALEXANDER_SMITH_09
SGÌRE
An t-Eilean Sgitheanach
SIORRACHD/PARRAIST
INBHIR NIS
DEIT
2008
LINN
2000an
CRUTHADAIR
Alexander Smith
NEACH-FIOSRACHAIDH
Am Baile
AITHNEACHADH MAOINE
1237
KEYWORDS
claistinneach
cruthan-tìre litreachais

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Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo o 'A Summer in Skye' le Alexander Smith, foillsichte an 1865. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Tormod Newton.

'In the stories which are told round the island peat-fires it is abundantly apparent that the Celt has not yet subdued nature. In these stories you can detect a curious subtle hostility between man and his environments; a fear of them, a want of absolute trust in them. In these stories and songs man is not at home in the world. Nature is too strong for him; she rebukes and crushes him. The elements, however calm and beautiful they may appear for the moment, are malign and deceitful at heart and merely bide their time.

And this curious relation between man and nature grows out of the climatic conditions and the forms of Hebridean life. In his usual avocations the Isles-man rubs clothes with death as he would with an acquaintance. Gathering wild-fowl, he hangs, like a spider on its thread, over a precipice on which the sea is beating a hundred feet beneath. In his crazy boat he adventures into whirlpool and foam. He is among the hills when the snow comes down making everything unfamiliar and stifling the strayed wanderer. This death is ever near him and that consciousness turns everything into omen.

The mist creeping along the hillside by moonlight is an apparition. In the roar of the waterfall, or the murmur of the swollen ford, he hears the water spirit calling out for the man for whom it has waited so long. He sees death-candles burning on the sea, marking the place at which a boat will be upset by some sudden squall. He hears spectral hammers clinking in an outhouse and he knows that ghostly artificers are preparing a coffin there. Ghostly fingers tap at his window, ghostly feet are about his door; at midnight his furniture cries out as if it had seen a sight and could not restrain itself. Even his dreams are prophetic and point ghastly issues for himself or for others.'

Rinn Alexander Smith, no Alasdair Mac a' Ghobhainn, tòrr obair sgrìobhaidh de bhàrdachd is de dh'aistean ann am meadhan linn Bhictoria, ach ged a rinn, cha do choisinn e an cliù ris a bha e a' strì.

Rugadh Mac a' Ghobhainn ann an Dùn Èideann an 31mh Dùbhlachd 1829 agus rinn e fèin-fhoghlam, a' leantainn athar na cheàrd le aodach fighte, gus an deach cruinneachadh bàrdachd aige fhoillseachadh ann an 1853. Bha seo air nochdadh an toiseach san iris 'The Critic' fon ainm 'A Life Drama'. Chaidh a mholadh gu mòr le muinntir litreachas Alba agus choisinn a bhàrdachd dha dreuchd ann an 1854 mar Rùnaire Oilthigh Dhùin Èidinn.

An dèidh foillseachadh 'Poems' (1853), rinn Smith co-obair còmhla ri Sydney Dobell air pìosan caran rabhdach air Cogadh a' Chrimea, 'Sonnets on the War' (1855). Tharraing seo càineadh thuige agus ann an 'City Poems' (1857) dh'fheuch e ris an dreach sgrìobhaidh aige a thogail, a' sgrìobhadh cuid den obair a b' fheàrr a rinn e. Gu mì-fhortanach, nuair a chuir cuid dhaoine às a leth gun do ghoid e pàirt dhen obair, tharraing seo barrachd dhroch bheachdan sgrìobhte air obair.

Phòs Alexander Smith Flòraidh NicDhòmhnaill, tè aig an robh càirdeas fad às don tè a thug cobhair don Phrionnsa Teàrlach, aig Taigh an Ùird san Eilean Sgitheanach ann an 1857. Thill iad dhan Eilean a h-uile Lùnastal fad naoi bliadhna gus an tug am fiabhras ballach bàs dha an 5mh Faoillich 1867. Bha e a' fulang le droch shlàinte fad an dà bhliadhna mu dheireadh de a bheatha agus bha e gu math truagh nuair a ghlac e am fiabhras ballach.

Thuirt Simon Berry, san 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography' (2004):

The annual month's retreat on Skye allowed his psychological defences
against urban pressures to be lowered. His creative, dionysian side fed
on the unpredictable and irrational features of the island: the sudden
contrasts of storm and calm, the semi-surrealistic mountain shapes and
colours, the superstitions and fantastic tales of its inhabitants. All these
went into 'A Summer in Skye', making it a fascinating hotchpotch of
travelogue and speculation with no obvious models. In the same way
as Scott's poetry had drawn visitors to Perthshire earlier in the century,
so Smith's work (allied to the growth in the railway network) benefited
the west highland tourist trade.

Chaidh 'A Summer in Skye' a chlò-bhualadh dà uair o chionn ghoirid, ann an dreach a bha deasaichte agus gu math nas giorra, ach tha bàrdachd Alexander Smith fhathast a' feitheamh ach an lorg leughadairean an là an-diugh e.

Tha ro-ràdh feumail san ath-chlobhualadh gheàrrte o 1983 de 'A Summer in Skye' le Uilleam F. Laughlan. Tha air aithris an sin gur e athair-cèile Smith, Teàrlach MacDhòmhnaill, 'MacIain an Ùird' agus gur e Coinneach MacLeòid Ghrìsinnis 'an t-Uachdaran', ach cha deach caractaran eile a tha a' nochdadh san obair an aithneachadh fhathast.

Airson stiùireadh mu bhith a’ cleachdadh ìomhaighean agus susbaint eile, faicibh duilleag ‘Na Cumhaichean air Fad.’
’S e companaidh cuibhrichte fo bharantas clàraichte ann an Alba Àir. SC407011 agus carthannas clàraichte Albannach Àir. SC042593 a th’ ann an High Life na Gàidhealtachd.
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The Highland Seer' (1 of 2)

INBHIR NIS

2000an

claistinneach; cruthan-tìre litreachais

Am Baile

Literary Landscapes: Alexander Smith

Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo o 'A Summer in Skye' le Alexander Smith, foillsichte an 1865. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Tormod Newton.<br /> <br /> 'In the stories which are told round the island peat-fires it is abundantly apparent that the Celt has not yet subdued nature. In these stories you can detect a curious subtle hostility between man and his environments; a fear of them, a want of absolute trust in them. In these stories and songs man is not at home in the world. Nature is too strong for him; she rebukes and crushes him. The elements, however calm and beautiful they may appear for the moment, are malign and deceitful at heart and merely bide their time. <br /> <br /> And this curious relation between man and nature grows out of the climatic conditions and the forms of Hebridean life. In his usual avocations the Isles-man rubs clothes with death as he would with an acquaintance. Gathering wild-fowl, he hangs, like a spider on its thread, over a precipice on which the sea is beating a hundred feet beneath. In his crazy boat he adventures into whirlpool and foam. He is among the hills when the snow comes down making everything unfamiliar and stifling the strayed wanderer. This death is ever near him and that consciousness turns everything into omen. <br /> <br /> The mist creeping along the hillside by moonlight is an apparition. In the roar of the waterfall, or the murmur of the swollen ford, he hears the water spirit calling out for the man for whom it has waited so long. He sees death-candles burning on the sea, marking the place at which a boat will be upset by some sudden squall. He hears spectral hammers clinking in an outhouse and he knows that ghostly artificers are preparing a coffin there. Ghostly fingers tap at his window, ghostly feet are about his door; at midnight his furniture cries out as if it had seen a sight and could not restrain itself. Even his dreams are prophetic and point ghastly issues for himself or for others.'<br /> <br /> Rinn Alexander Smith, no Alasdair Mac a' Ghobhainn, tòrr obair sgrìobhaidh de bhàrdachd is de dh'aistean ann am meadhan linn Bhictoria, ach ged a rinn, cha do choisinn e an cliù ris a bha e a' strì.<br /> <br /> Rugadh Mac a' Ghobhainn ann an Dùn Èideann an 31mh Dùbhlachd 1829 agus rinn e fèin-fhoghlam, a' leantainn athar na cheàrd le aodach fighte, gus an deach cruinneachadh bàrdachd aige fhoillseachadh ann an 1853. Bha seo air nochdadh an toiseach san iris 'The Critic' fon ainm 'A Life Drama'. Chaidh a mholadh gu mòr le muinntir litreachas Alba agus choisinn a bhàrdachd dha dreuchd ann an 1854 mar Rùnaire Oilthigh Dhùin Èidinn.<br /> <br /> An dèidh foillseachadh 'Poems' (1853), rinn Smith co-obair còmhla ri Sydney Dobell air pìosan caran rabhdach air Cogadh a' Chrimea, 'Sonnets on the War' (1855). Tharraing seo càineadh thuige agus ann an 'City Poems' (1857) dh'fheuch e ris an dreach sgrìobhaidh aige a thogail, a' sgrìobhadh cuid den obair a b' fheàrr a rinn e. Gu mì-fhortanach, nuair a chuir cuid dhaoine às a leth gun do ghoid e pàirt dhen obair, tharraing seo barrachd dhroch bheachdan sgrìobhte air obair.<br /> <br /> Phòs Alexander Smith Flòraidh NicDhòmhnaill, tè aig an robh càirdeas fad às don tè a thug cobhair don Phrionnsa Teàrlach, aig Taigh an Ùird san Eilean Sgitheanach ann an 1857. Thill iad dhan Eilean a h-uile Lùnastal fad naoi bliadhna gus an tug am fiabhras ballach bàs dha an 5mh Faoillich 1867. Bha e a' fulang le droch shlàinte fad an dà bhliadhna mu dheireadh de a bheatha agus bha e gu math truagh nuair a ghlac e am fiabhras ballach.<br /> <br /> Thuirt Simon Berry, san 'Oxford Dictionary of National Biography' (2004):<br /> <br /> The annual month's retreat on Skye allowed his psychological defences<br /> against urban pressures to be lowered. His creative, dionysian side fed<br /> on the unpredictable and irrational features of the island: the sudden<br /> contrasts of storm and calm, the semi-surrealistic mountain shapes and<br /> colours, the superstitions and fantastic tales of its inhabitants. All these<br /> went into 'A Summer in Skye', making it a fascinating hotchpotch of<br /> travelogue and speculation with no obvious models. In the same way<br /> as Scott's poetry had drawn visitors to Perthshire earlier in the century,<br /> so Smith's work (allied to the growth in the railway network) benefited<br /> the west highland tourist trade.<br /> <br /> Chaidh 'A Summer in Skye' a chlò-bhualadh dà uair o chionn ghoirid, ann an dreach a bha deasaichte agus gu math nas giorra, ach tha bàrdachd Alexander Smith fhathast a' feitheamh ach an lorg leughadairean an là an-diugh e. <br /> <br /> Tha ro-ràdh feumail san ath-chlobhualadh gheàrrte o 1983 de 'A Summer in Skye' le Uilleam F. Laughlan. Tha air aithris an sin gur e athair-cèile Smith, Teàrlach MacDhòmhnaill, 'MacIain an Ùird' agus gur e Coinneach MacLeòid Ghrìsinnis 'an t-Uachdaran', ach cha deach caractaran eile a tha a' nochdadh san obair an aithneachadh fhathast.