Ùrachadh mu Dheireadh 27/07/2017
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TIOTAL
'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland, circa 1695' (1)
EXTERNAL ID
AB_LL_MARTIN_MARTIN_01
SGÌRE
Uibhist a Deas
SIORRACHD/PARRAIST
INBHIR NIS: Uibhist a Deas
DEIT
2008
LINN
2000an
CRUTHADAIR
Martin Martin
NEACH-FIOSRACHAIDH
Am Baile
AITHNEACHADH MAOINE
1403
KEYWORDS
claistinneach
cruthan-tìre litreachais

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Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo o 'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland circa 1695' le Màrtainn Màrtainn, foillsichte an toiseach an 1703. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Grannd Butchart.

'The island of South Uist lies directly two miles to the south of Benbecula, being in length one and twenty miles, and three in breadth, and in some places four. The east side is mountainous on the coast, and heathy for the most part. The west side is plain arable ground, the soil is generally sandy, yielding a good produce of barley, oats, and rye, in proportion to that of North Uist, and has the same sort of cattle. Both east and west sides of this island abound in freshwater lakes, which afford trouts and eels, besides variety of land and sea-fowls. The arable land is much damnified by the overflowing of these lakes in divers places, which they have not hitherto been able to drain, though the thing be practicable. Several lakes have old forts built upon the small islands in the middle of them. About four miles on the south-east of this island is Loch Eynord. It reaches several miles westward, having a narrow entry, which makes a violent current, and within this entry there is a rock upon which there was staved to pieces a frigate of Cromwell's, which he sent there to subdue the natives. Ambergris hath been found by several of the inhabitants on the west coast of this island and they sold it at Glasgow at a very low rate not knowing the value of it at first; but when they knew it they raised the price to the other extreme. Upon a thaw after a long frost the south-east winds cast many dead fishes on the shore. The inhabitants are generally of the same nature and complexion with those of the next adjacent northern islands. They wear the same habit, and use the same diet. One of the natives is very famous for his great age, being, so it is said, a hundred and thirty years old, and retains his appetite and understanding. He can walk abroad, and did labour with his hands as usually till within these three years, and for anything I know is yet living.'

Tha a h-uile coltas gur ann ann am Bealach, faisg air Caisteal Dhùin Tuilm san Eilean Sgitheanach a rugadh Màrtainn Màrtainn, do theaghlach a bha beagan uasal, le buntanas do Chlann 'IcDhòmhnaill Shlèite. An dèidh dha ceumnachadh o Oilthigh Dhùin Eidinn ann an 1681 rinn e oideachadh oighrean MhicDhòmhnaill Shlèite agus MhicLeòid na Hearadh mus do theich e a Lunnainn ann an 1695.

Air a bhrosnachadh le càirdean Easbaigeach agus luchd-aosmhorachd, ghabh e obair clàradh-muinntir 's na h-Eileanan Siar d' am buineadh e. Thog e air air turas a Leòdhas ann an 1696, air a leantainn le turas gu Hiort an ath bhliadhna. Chaidh 'The Late Voyage to St. Kilda' fhoillseachadh ann an 1698, agus an uair sin an obair a b' ainmeile aige, 'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland' ann an 1703.

Ged a chaidh airgead a ghealltainn dha airson a chuid obrach, cha deach a phàigheadh a-riamh agus thill Màrtainn dhan Eilean Sgitheanach na thaoitear a-rithist. Aig aois 41 chuir e ainm sìos mar fhear-treanaidh de dhotaireachd aig Oilthigh Leiden san Òlaind agus, air dha tilleadh a Shasainn, chùm e air a' dèanamh dotaireachd, a' ceumnachadh o Reims mu dheireadh ann an 1716. Bhàsaich e an 9mh Dàmhair 1718.

Tha na cunntasan aig Màrtainn Màrtainn air beatha ann an Innse Ghall, ro là an Aonaidh, Chùil Lodair, nam Fògraichean agus Romansachd Bhictorianaich, am measg nan ciad sgrìobhaidhean clò-bhuailte a tha a' dèanamh tuairisgeul air eachdraidh, cultar agus dualchasan de sgìre far an robh seann structuran sòisealta fhathast am bàrr.

Airson stiùireadh mu bhith a’ cleachdadh ìomhaighean agus susbaint eile, faicibh duilleag ‘Na Cumhaichean air Fad.’
’S e companaidh cuibhrichte fo bharantas clàraichte ann an Alba Àir. SC407011 agus carthannas clàraichte Albannach Àir. SC042593 a th’ ann an High Life na Gàidhealtachd.
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'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland, circa 1695' (1)

INBHIR NIS: Uibhist a Deas

2000an

claistinneach; cruthan-tìre litreachais

Am Baile

Literary Landscapes: Martin Martin

Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo o 'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland circa 1695' le Màrtainn Màrtainn, foillsichte an toiseach an 1703. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Grannd Butchart.<br /> <br /> 'The island of South Uist lies directly two miles to the south of Benbecula, being in length one and twenty miles, and three in breadth, and in some places four. The east side is mountainous on the coast, and heathy for the most part. The west side is plain arable ground, the soil is generally sandy, yielding a good produce of barley, oats, and rye, in proportion to that of North Uist, and has the same sort of cattle. Both east and west sides of this island abound in freshwater lakes, which afford trouts and eels, besides variety of land and sea-fowls. The arable land is much damnified by the overflowing of these lakes in divers places, which they have not hitherto been able to drain, though the thing be practicable. Several lakes have old forts built upon the small islands in the middle of them. About four miles on the south-east of this island is Loch Eynord. It reaches several miles westward, having a narrow entry, which makes a violent current, and within this entry there is a rock upon which there was staved to pieces a frigate of Cromwell's, which he sent there to subdue the natives. Ambergris hath been found by several of the inhabitants on the west coast of this island and they sold it at Glasgow at a very low rate not knowing the value of it at first; but when they knew it they raised the price to the other extreme. Upon a thaw after a long frost the south-east winds cast many dead fishes on the shore. The inhabitants are generally of the same nature and complexion with those of the next adjacent northern islands. They wear the same habit, and use the same diet. One of the natives is very famous for his great age, being, so it is said, a hundred and thirty years old, and retains his appetite and understanding. He can walk abroad, and did labour with his hands as usually till within these three years, and for anything I know is yet living.'<br /> <br /> Tha a h-uile coltas gur ann ann am Bealach, faisg air Caisteal Dhùin Tuilm san Eilean Sgitheanach a rugadh Màrtainn Màrtainn, do theaghlach a bha beagan uasal, le buntanas do Chlann 'IcDhòmhnaill Shlèite. An dèidh dha ceumnachadh o Oilthigh Dhùin Eidinn ann an 1681 rinn e oideachadh oighrean MhicDhòmhnaill Shlèite agus MhicLeòid na Hearadh mus do theich e a Lunnainn ann an 1695.<br /> <br /> Air a bhrosnachadh le càirdean Easbaigeach agus luchd-aosmhorachd, ghabh e obair clàradh-muinntir 's na h-Eileanan Siar d' am buineadh e. Thog e air air turas a Leòdhas ann an 1696, air a leantainn le turas gu Hiort an ath bhliadhna. Chaidh 'The Late Voyage to St. Kilda' fhoillseachadh ann an 1698, agus an uair sin an obair a b' ainmeile aige, 'A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland' ann an 1703.<br /> <br /> Ged a chaidh airgead a ghealltainn dha airson a chuid obrach, cha deach a phàigheadh a-riamh agus thill Màrtainn dhan Eilean Sgitheanach na thaoitear a-rithist. Aig aois 41 chuir e ainm sìos mar fhear-treanaidh de dhotaireachd aig Oilthigh Leiden san Òlaind agus, air dha tilleadh a Shasainn, chùm e air a' dèanamh dotaireachd, a' ceumnachadh o Reims mu dheireadh ann an 1716. Bhàsaich e an 9mh Dàmhair 1718.<br /> <br /> Tha na cunntasan aig Màrtainn Màrtainn air beatha ann an Innse Ghall, ro là an Aonaidh, Chùil Lodair, nam Fògraichean agus Romansachd Bhictorianaich, am measg nan ciad sgrìobhaidhean clò-bhuailte a tha a' dèanamh tuairisgeul air eachdraidh, cultar agus dualchasan de sgìre far an robh seann structuran sòisealta fhathast am bàrr.