Ùrachadh mu Dheireadh 08/11/2017
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TIOTAL
'Highland River'
EXTERNAL ID
AB_LL_NEIL_GUNN_01
ÀITE
Dùn Beithe
SGÌRE
Gallaibh a Deas
SIORRACHD/PARRAIST
GALLAIBH: Latharan
DEIT
2008
LINN
2000an
CRUTHADAIR
Neil Gunn
NEACH-FIOSRACHAIDH
Am Baile
AITHNEACHADH MAOINE
1415
KEYWORDS
claistinneach
cruthan-tìre litreachais

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Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo on nobhail aig Niall Gunna, 'Highland River', a chaidh fhoillseachadh an toiseach ann an 1937. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Seumas Mac a' Mhuilleir.

'The little Highland community in which Kenn lived was typical of what might be found anywhere round the northern and western shores of Scotland: the river coming down out of the wooded glen or strath into the little harbour; the sloping croft lands, with their small cultivated fields; the croft houses here and there, with an odd one on a far ridge against the sky; the school, the post office, and the old church, where the houses herded loosely into a township; and inland the moors lifting to blue mountains.

On flat ground by the harbour were the cottages of most of the regular fishermen, but many of the crofters also took part in the fishing seasons, for wealth was unknown amongst them, and poverty had to be outwitted by all the means in their power. Sea-fishing and crofting were the only two occupations of the people, and however the rewards of their labour varied from season to season they were never greatly dissimilar over a whole year or over ten years. Thus in the course of centuries there had developed a communal feeling so genuine that the folk themselves never thought about it. They rejoiced and quarrelled, loved and fought, on a basis of social equality. Even the big farm was absent and so there were no bothies and farm servants, and none of the children that went to school had a father who thought of someone above him as "the master". The solitary exception was the laird's farm. It was run by a grieve and had a bothy where two ploughmen from a southern county lived. These ploughmen always referred to the grieve as "the maister", and this provoked a certain laughing astonishment amongst the children of that place, for the grieve was a cross-grained wizened little man and when he found boys playing about his stackyard or around the steading, he would shout at them in a high-pitched voice. They would vanish as if the devil were after them, and when they had got together again they would mimic him and double up with mirth.'

B' e fear ainmeil a sgrìobh iomadh nobhail is dràma a bh' ann an Niall Gunnach, fear a bha na phrìomh sgrìobhaiche ann an Linn an Ath-bheòthachaidh ann an Alba. Tha a nobhailean air an suidheachadh sa Ghàidhealtachd, ach tha iad feallsanachail, smuaineachail nan dreach agus samhlachail nan nàdar, a' sealltainn suas ghnothaichean cudromach an là. 'S ann à Dùn Beithe an Gallaibh a bha Niall, agus chaidh e a-steach don t-Seirbhis Shìobhalta ann an 1911, a' cur seachad ùine ann an Lunnainn 's ann an Dùn Èideann mus do thill e gu Tuath na oifigear aig luchd na Cusbainn, air a stèidheachadh ann an Inbhir Nis.

Tha a chiad nobhail, 'The Grey Coast' (1926), suidhichte ann an Gallaibh sna 1920an. Chùm e air a' sgrìobhadh nobhailean agus a' cur artaigilean a-steach gu irisean is paipearan. An dèidh a chlo-bhualadh shoirbheachail 'Highland River' (1937), leig Gunnach seachad gu saor-thoileach a dhreuchd leis an Riaghaltas gus am b' urrainn dha sgrìobhadh làn ùine. Ghluais e gu Fodhraitidh, faisg air Inbhir Pheofharain, far an do chùm e a' dol a' leasachadh a dhreuchd fhèin. 'S e fèin-eachdraidh de làithean òige a tha na leabhar mu dheireadh 'The Atom of Delight'.

Ann an 1948 chaidh cuibhreann Ghunnaich do litreachas aithneachadh le Oilthigh Dhùin Èidinn nuair a thug iad seachad dha dotaireachd onarach; ann an 1972 chruthaich Comhairle Ealain na h-Alba 'Caidreabh Nèill Ghunnaich' na urram dha. Tha duais sgrìobhaidh Nèill Ghunnaich ann cuideachd, air a dhèanamh a h-uile dàrna bliadhna agus air a rianachadh le Comhairle na Gàidhealtachd agus le Urras Nèill Ghunnaich.

Airson stiùireadh mu bhith a’ cleachdadh ìomhaighean agus susbaint eile, faicibh duilleag ‘Na Cumhaichean air Fad.’
’S e companaidh cuibhrichte fo bharantas clàraichte ann an Alba Àir. SC407011 agus carthannas clàraichte Albannach Àir. SC042593 a th’ ann an High Life na Gàidhealtachd.
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'Highland River'

GALLAIBH: Latharan

2000an

claistinneach; cruthan-tìre litreachais

Am Baile

Literary Landscapes: Neil M Gunn

Tha a' chuibhreann chlaistinneach seo on nobhail aig Niall Gunna, 'Highland River', a chaidh fhoillseachadh an toiseach ann an 1937. Tha e air a leughadh an seo le Seumas Mac a' Mhuilleir.<br /> <br /> 'The little Highland community in which Kenn lived was typical of what might be found anywhere round the northern and western shores of Scotland: the river coming down out of the wooded glen or strath into the little harbour; the sloping croft lands, with their small cultivated fields; the croft houses here and there, with an odd one on a far ridge against the sky; the school, the post office, and the old church, where the houses herded loosely into a township; and inland the moors lifting to blue mountains.<br /> <br /> On flat ground by the harbour were the cottages of most of the regular fishermen, but many of the crofters also took part in the fishing seasons, for wealth was unknown amongst them, and poverty had to be outwitted by all the means in their power. Sea-fishing and crofting were the only two occupations of the people, and however the rewards of their labour varied from season to season they were never greatly dissimilar over a whole year or over ten years. Thus in the course of centuries there had developed a communal feeling so genuine that the folk themselves never thought about it. They rejoiced and quarrelled, loved and fought, on a basis of social equality. Even the big farm was absent and so there were no bothies and farm servants, and none of the children that went to school had a father who thought of someone above him as "the master". The solitary exception was the laird's farm. It was run by a grieve and had a bothy where two ploughmen from a southern county lived. These ploughmen always referred to the grieve as "the maister", and this provoked a certain laughing astonishment amongst the children of that place, for the grieve was a cross-grained wizened little man and when he found boys playing about his stackyard or around the steading, he would shout at them in a high-pitched voice. They would vanish as if the devil were after them, and when they had got together again they would mimic him and double up with mirth.'<br /> <br /> B' e fear ainmeil a sgrìobh iomadh nobhail is dràma a bh' ann an Niall Gunnach, fear a bha na phrìomh sgrìobhaiche ann an Linn an Ath-bheòthachaidh ann an Alba. Tha a nobhailean air an suidheachadh sa Ghàidhealtachd, ach tha iad feallsanachail, smuaineachail nan dreach agus samhlachail nan nàdar, a' sealltainn suas ghnothaichean cudromach an là. 'S ann à Dùn Beithe an Gallaibh a bha Niall, agus chaidh e a-steach don t-Seirbhis Shìobhalta ann an 1911, a' cur seachad ùine ann an Lunnainn 's ann an Dùn Èideann mus do thill e gu Tuath na oifigear aig luchd na Cusbainn, air a stèidheachadh ann an Inbhir Nis. <br /> <br /> Tha a chiad nobhail, 'The Grey Coast' (1926), suidhichte ann an Gallaibh sna 1920an. Chùm e air a' sgrìobhadh nobhailean agus a' cur artaigilean a-steach gu irisean is paipearan. An dèidh a chlo-bhualadh shoirbheachail 'Highland River' (1937), leig Gunnach seachad gu saor-thoileach a dhreuchd leis an Riaghaltas gus am b' urrainn dha sgrìobhadh làn ùine. Ghluais e gu Fodhraitidh, faisg air Inbhir Pheofharain, far an do chùm e a' dol a' leasachadh a dhreuchd fhèin. 'S e fèin-eachdraidh de làithean òige a tha na leabhar mu dheireadh 'The Atom of Delight'.<br /> <br /> Ann an 1948 chaidh cuibhreann Ghunnaich do litreachas aithneachadh le Oilthigh Dhùin Èidinn nuair a thug iad seachad dha dotaireachd onarach; ann an 1972 chruthaich Comhairle Ealain na h-Alba 'Caidreabh Nèill Ghunnaich' na urram dha. Tha duais sgrìobhaidh Nèill Ghunnaich ann cuideachd, air a dhèanamh a h-uile dàrna bliadhna agus air a rianachadh le Comhairle na Gàidhealtachd agus le Urras Nèill Ghunnaich.