Ùrachadh mu Dheireadh 19/09/2018
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TIOTAL
Cuimhneachaidhean aig Pìleat Spitfire (4 de 10)
EXTERNAL ID
GB232_MFR_JOHN_NIVEN_04
DEIT
1986
LINN
1980an
CRUTHADAIR
John Niven
NEACH-FIOSRACHAIDH
Rèidio Linne Mhoireibh
AITHNEACHADH MAOINE
41167
KEYWORDS
luchd-iùil adhair
plèanaichean
an Dara Cogadh

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San earrann èisteachd seo on phrògram aig Rèidio Moray Firth 'Marshall a' Coinneachadh', tha Sam Marshall a' bruidhinn ri Iain Niven a bha na phìleat ann an Spitfire.

'Interviewer: Up to now we've hardly mentioned the name Spitfire, except in the passing, John, but what sort of plane was it to you?

Well, it was a delightful aeroplane really in every way. It had no real vices at all, no vices about it at all. It was a plane that had to be landed; it didn't just thump itself down onto the deck, but it landed well. It certainly had a long nose which made, restricted visibility on takeoff, and landing for that matter, but apart from that, once it was in the air, it was a beautiful plane to handle.

Interviewer: There are some men who have said to me that, in fact it's written down somewhere, that it wasn't an easy plane to fly for a beginner. Is that true? Or did you have no difficulty with it?

No. It, I think most of the boys just, they took to it. They wanted to fly it for a start and that's half the battle. If you want to fly something then you don't see its vices at all and it, it really was quite, quite an easy plane to convert on to and once you got away with the takeoff and landing it was lovely in the air.

Interviewer: Was it cramped or uncomfortable?

It was certainly very cramped. It was, you didn't really get into the plane. Well, you did get into it but you really buttoned it up rather than anything else.

Interviewer: Put it on like a jacket?

Put it on like a jacket. Yes, yes.

Interviewer: The comfort, though.

Comfort was nil. It wasn't very good, apart from the fact you were sitting on a parachute, which isn't the most comfortable thing to sit on, and latterly you were sitting not only on a parachute but on a dinghy as well - a packed dinghy. And they had two rubber bullet plugs which were positioned just in exactly the wrong place, so it was really very uncomfortable after a while.

Interviewer: Just an aside - what were the bullet plugs for? To plug up holes in the dinghy?

In the dinghy. If it just so happened that a couple of bullets went through, through the dinghy.

Interviewer: It just sounds a bit absurd that.

Yes

Interviewer: The Spitfire had many variations. Did you fly many of them?

Yes. I started off on Spitfire 1s, which was the Battle of Britain model, and I finished up actually on Spitfire 9s, and 9Bs, but the 602 very soon got Spitfire 2s, slightly up-rated version of the 1, and then Spitfire 5s, and that meant that we switched also from eight machine guns to two canon and four machine guns, which was a much more effective armament altogether.

And the engine, of course, was up-rated as well and then they brought out the- They did all sorts of things to the, to each mach as it came along and in fact, at one stage, they reduced the size of the supercharger. They cropped it. They called it cropped and they cut the wingtips off into square wingtips and the plane became known as clipped, cropped, and clapped. And, but it was a nice, a very nice aircraft to fly. There was also a Spitfire 6 which I flew on my first rest period, up in the Orkneys, which had pointed wingtips, and it had a pressure cabin, but as the war went on the planners saw fit to use the cropped 5 on high level escorts and the pressure cabins on shipping strikes, so...

Interviewer: Did you ever get a reason for that strange way of working?

No. I don't think so.

Interviewer: Maybe they didn't know it had a pressurised cabin.'


Rugadh is thogadh Iain Brown Niven ann an Dùn Èideann. An dèidh fhoghlam aig sgoil Sheòrais Heriot, chaidh e a-steach do ghnothachas an teaghlaich ag obair air mullaichean thogalaichean, Iain Low, Sglèatairean. B' e sgiathalaich, ge ta, a dheagh mhiann bho òige, agus aig aois naodh-deug san Òg-mhios 1939, chuir e a-steach ainm gu soirbheachail do Shaor-thoilichean Glèidhte an RAF (Volunteer Reserve). Chuir e steach airson Colaiste Feachd an Adhair ann an Cranwell agus fhuair e ann, ach mum b' urrainn dha tòiseachadh, chaidh èigheachd air san t-Sultain seirbheis a dhèanamh sa chogadh.

Tro bhliadhnachan a' chogaidh rinn e seirbheis chliùiteach san RAF, a' sgiathalaich Spitfires san RA, sna h-Innseachan agus ann an Iapan. B' e Ceannard a' Scuadrain ann an Scuadran 602 Baile-mòr Ghlaschu agus ann an Scuadran 485 Shealain Ùir. Bha e cuideachd a' sgiathalaich le 322 Scuadran Duitseach. Choisinn e an DFC (Crois na Sgiathalaich Cliùitich) le crann-tarsainn airson a dhìchill mhisneachail. (Tha crann-tarsainn air a chur ri ribean an DFC airson luchd-coisnidh a tha a' faighinn an dàrna duais.)

Às dèidh a' chogaidh chaidh Iain a-steach air ais do ghnothachas mhullaichean an teaghlaich, phòs e Dorothy Hood agus bha triùir chlann aca. Ghluais e a dh'Inbhir Theòrsa airson obair a dhèanamh ann an roinn na luchd-obrach aig UKAEA (Ùghdarras Lùth Atomaigeach na Rìoghachd Aonaichte) ann an Dùn Rath, mus deach e mu dheireadh a dh'fhuireach ann an Inbhir Nis na fhear-obrach aig an HIDB (Bòrd Leasachaidh na Gàidhealtachd 's nan Eilean).

Bha Iain fìor dhèidheil air goilf (chluich e bho bhacadh de 2) agus sna 1960an bha e na mheadhan air ath-ùrachadh is leudachadh a' chùrsa aig a' Mheaghrath faisg air Inbhir Theòrsa. Leig e dheth a dhreuchd ann an 1985 agus bhàsaich e san Dàmhair 1986. Tha a bhean, a mhac agus a dhithis nighean fhathast a' fuireach ann an Inbhir Nis 's an Inbhir Narann.

Airson stiùireadh mu bhith a’ cleachdadh ìomhaighean agus susbaint eile, faicibh duilleag ‘Na Cumhaichean air Fad.’
’S e companaidh cuibhrichte fo bharantas clàraichte ann an Alba Àir. SC407011 agus carthannas clàraichte Albannach Àir. SC042593 a th’ ann an High Life na Gàidhealtachd.
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Cuimhneachaidhean aig Pìleat Spitfire (4 de 10)

1980an

luchd-iùil adhair; plèanaichean; an Dara Cogadh

Rèidio Linne Mhoireibh

MFR: Memories of a Spitfire Pilot

San earrann èisteachd seo on phrògram aig Rèidio Moray Firth 'Marshall a' Coinneachadh', tha Sam Marshall a' bruidhinn ri Iain Niven a bha na phìleat ann an Spitfire.<br /> <br /> 'Interviewer: Up to now we've hardly mentioned the name Spitfire, except in the passing, John, but what sort of plane was it to you?<br /> <br /> Well, it was a delightful aeroplane really in every way. It had no real vices at all, no vices about it at all. It was a plane that had to be landed; it didn't just thump itself down onto the deck, but it landed well. It certainly had a long nose which made, restricted visibility on takeoff, and landing for that matter, but apart from that, once it was in the air, it was a beautiful plane to handle. <br /> <br /> Interviewer: There are some men who have said to me that, in fact it's written down somewhere, that it wasn't an easy plane to fly for a beginner. Is that true? Or did you have no difficulty with it?<br /> <br /> No. It, I think most of the boys just, they took to it. They wanted to fly it for a start and that's half the battle. If you want to fly something then you don't see its vices at all and it, it really was quite, quite an easy plane to convert on to and once you got away with the takeoff and landing it was lovely in the air.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: Was it cramped or uncomfortable?<br /> <br /> It was certainly very cramped. It was, you didn't really get into the plane. Well, you did get into it but you really buttoned it up rather than anything else.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: Put it on like a jacket?<br /> <br /> Put it on like a jacket. Yes, yes.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: The comfort, though.<br /> <br /> Comfort was nil. It wasn't very good, apart from the fact you were sitting on a parachute, which isn't the most comfortable thing to sit on, and latterly you were sitting not only on a parachute but on a dinghy as well - a packed dinghy. And they had two rubber bullet plugs which were positioned just in exactly the wrong place, so it was really very uncomfortable after a while.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: Just an aside - what were the bullet plugs for? To plug up holes in the dinghy?<br /> <br /> In the dinghy. If it just so happened that a couple of bullets went through, through the dinghy.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: It just sounds a bit absurd that.<br /> <br /> Yes<br /> <br /> Interviewer: The Spitfire had many variations. Did you fly many of them?<br /> <br /> Yes. I started off on Spitfire 1s, which was the Battle of Britain model, and I finished up actually on Spitfire 9s, and 9Bs, but the 602 very soon got Spitfire 2s, slightly up-rated version of the 1, and then Spitfire 5s, and that meant that we switched also from eight machine guns to two canon and four machine guns, which was a much more effective armament altogether. <br /> <br /> And the engine, of course, was up-rated as well and then they brought out the- They did all sorts of things to the, to each mach as it came along and in fact, at one stage, they reduced the size of the supercharger. They cropped it. They called it cropped and they cut the wingtips off into square wingtips and the plane became known as clipped, cropped, and clapped. And, but it was a nice, a very nice aircraft to fly. There was also a Spitfire 6 which I flew on my first rest period, up in the Orkneys, which had pointed wingtips, and it had a pressure cabin, but as the war went on the planners saw fit to use the cropped 5 on high level escorts and the pressure cabins on shipping strikes, so...<br /> <br /> Interviewer: Did you ever get a reason for that strange way of working?<br /> <br /> No. I don't think so.<br /> <br /> Interviewer: Maybe they didn't know it had a pressurised cabin.'<br /> <br /> <br /> Rugadh is thogadh Iain Brown Niven ann an Dùn Èideann. An dèidh fhoghlam aig sgoil Sheòrais Heriot, chaidh e a-steach do ghnothachas an teaghlaich ag obair air mullaichean thogalaichean, Iain Low, Sglèatairean. B' e sgiathalaich, ge ta, a dheagh mhiann bho òige, agus aig aois naodh-deug san Òg-mhios 1939, chuir e a-steach ainm gu soirbheachail do Shaor-thoilichean Glèidhte an RAF (Volunteer Reserve). Chuir e steach airson Colaiste Feachd an Adhair ann an Cranwell agus fhuair e ann, ach mum b' urrainn dha tòiseachadh, chaidh èigheachd air san t-Sultain seirbheis a dhèanamh sa chogadh. <br /> <br /> Tro bhliadhnachan a' chogaidh rinn e seirbheis chliùiteach san RAF, a' sgiathalaich Spitfires san RA, sna h-Innseachan agus ann an Iapan. B' e Ceannard a' Scuadrain ann an Scuadran 602 Baile-mòr Ghlaschu agus ann an Scuadran 485 Shealain Ùir. Bha e cuideachd a' sgiathalaich le 322 Scuadran Duitseach. Choisinn e an DFC (Crois na Sgiathalaich Cliùitich) le crann-tarsainn airson a dhìchill mhisneachail. (Tha crann-tarsainn air a chur ri ribean an DFC airson luchd-coisnidh a tha a' faighinn an dàrna duais.) <br /> <br /> Às dèidh a' chogaidh chaidh Iain a-steach air ais do ghnothachas mhullaichean an teaghlaich, phòs e Dorothy Hood agus bha triùir chlann aca. Ghluais e a dh'Inbhir Theòrsa airson obair a dhèanamh ann an roinn na luchd-obrach aig UKAEA (Ùghdarras Lùth Atomaigeach na Rìoghachd Aonaichte) ann an Dùn Rath, mus deach e mu dheireadh a dh'fhuireach ann an Inbhir Nis na fhear-obrach aig an HIDB (Bòrd Leasachaidh na Gàidhealtachd 's nan Eilean). <br /> <br /> Bha Iain fìor dhèidheil air goilf (chluich e bho bhacadh de 2) agus sna 1960an bha e na mheadhan air ath-ùrachadh is leudachadh a' chùrsa aig a' Mheaghrath faisg air Inbhir Theòrsa. Leig e dheth a dhreuchd ann an 1985 agus bhàsaich e san Dàmhair 1986. Tha a bhean, a mhac agus a dhithis nighean fhathast a' fuireach ann an Inbhir Nis 's an Inbhir Narann.