Ùrachadh mu Dheireadh 27/11/2018
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TIOTAL
Dòighean iasgaich ann an Gallaibh (1)
EXTERNAL ID
QZP40_CAITHNESS_CROFTING_29
SIORRACHD/PARRAIST
GALLAIBH
LINN
1980an
CRUTHADAIR
Alec Thomson
NEACH-FIOSRACHAIDH
Leabharlainn na Gàidhealtachd
AITHNEACHADH MAOINE
41330
KEYWORDS
croitearachd
croitearan
croitear
croit
claistinneach

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B' e iasgair ann an Inbhir Theòrsa a bh' ann an Ailig MacThòmais. Sa chuibhreann seo tha e a' toirt seachad eòlas mionaideach air an diofar dhòigh anns am biodh iad ag iasgach san sgìre suas gu ruig na 1960an.

'Interviewer: First o all, can ye tell us e difference between line fishing an net fishing, seine-net fishing?

Mr T: Ah yes. Well, the line fishing, ye see, the old, the line fishing's an old method o fishing, an e seine net fishing is altogether, is more modern. But, eh, the line fishing is jist; it's five - what they call strings, ye know - five hanks o line. Eh, Ah think ye'd sixty fathom on each hank, ye know, an they were all joined, five hanks, an they were all joined together, an that makes one line. Ye see, this - we call it strings, five strings, ye always buy yer lines in strings [?]. Well, five strings. Now, there's aboot - if ye're working the great lines, there's three fathom between each hook, ye know, an there's aboot twenty hooks on each string, an on e whole line is aboot a hundred hooks, ye know?

Now - an between each hook there's three fathom, this is for e big cod fishing or e halibut fishing, skate fishing, [?] an the three fathom each measured off like that, ye see, three fathom, when it - turn another hook on. Now, when ye shot yer lines, the first thing that we'll dee is get yer bait cut - all e herring - it was usually herring bait they cut for fishing. Get yer bait cut, an then when ye come on the grounds, when ye come on the fishing grounds the - ye've got special grounds for c- but it's at certain time o year the cod comes onto a certain kind o ground, sandy ground, the soil bottom, for spending their roes an that [spawning], ye know?

Well, when ye come on the ground, the first thing ye do is let go yer dahn; it's a marker. Some calls it a marker, an some calls it as their end, an some calls it their dahn, the fishermen calls it e dahn. It's just yer long pole like at wi a weight on the end of it, an a buoy tied in the middle of it, an a light at e top, ye see? When it when it goes intil the watter the dahn goes upright like at, ye see? An then there's three buoys attached tae it, ye see? Ye, ye drop that over the side an that's yer marker an then after ye get your marker up, ye mark e land [?] ye jist say, that's so-an-so, on the Point o Hoy on a certain bearing, an then a hill some other way til e east'ard or anything like that, on that point, ye see? A cross bearing like that. An that's yer mark for yer aim. An according to the tide then - before e tide, ye fire away yer lines like that, an there's an anchor on e end o the, o yer line, pit an anchor on it.

An then whenever your anchor goes til e bottom, ye start firing off like that, ye see, an when ye're thowing oot yer line there's two men, one on each side o e basket, baitin the hooks, ye know, an a manjack shotin e line oot like at. An ye go on along like at til ye shot the whole shank oot, twenty lines maybe, right doon on, on e track, an then ye put yer anchor in again an another dahn goes in. That's two ends ye hiv now, in case ye break that end ye go to e other end, ye see? An you leave them, say about maybe a couple o hours, or if e tide's strong ye let them lie out, the tide runs off a bit, ye get e tide - slack tide, ye see, an then you start pullin them up. An eh, ye start hallin in yer lines then an if there's a good fishing on ye'll get a cod on every other hook, ye know?

There's one man pulling e line in, another fellow at is back - coiling e line at is back like at, an puttin in e basket, ye see? An then when e fish comes up there's a stap, e staps is on e deck, an ye don't lift e fish in by is - ye jist put a, a clip [clep, or gaff - a pole with a hook on the end] in e fish like at, an lift them in over, ye see? An then ye've got an iron in yer hand like that, an ye pit it doon e cod's throat, open is mouth up, an ye shove this iron down, an it catches e hook; there's a sneck in e, in e, in e iron, ye see? Ye jist give it a shove like at, an e hook comes out, an ye jist throw them off, throw them down like that, ye see, an pit them down below. An ye jist keep hallin on like at now til ye get them, til ye get yer lines all in. It's a whole day's job, ye know, hallin all at lines.'

'S e an dòigh iasgaich a bu shìmplidh a bhith ag obair le driamlach no loidhne, a' cleachdadh lìn fhada le dubhain agus biathadh orra ach an glacadh iad trosg, langa, adag agus iasg geal eile, agus iasg caol mar turbaid agus lèabag. Bha dà sheòrsa iasgach le driamlach ann, lìn bheaga air an cleachdadh faisg air tìr airson an èisg bheag gheal agus lìn mhòra a ghlacadh èisg na bu mhotha ann an uisgeachan domhainn. Bha an driamlach glè thric uabhasach fada. 'S ann ann an aitheamhan a bhiodh iad a' tomhas faid, gu h-oifigeil 's e sia troighean a bh' ann an aitheamh, ach mar a b' abhaist dìreach aitheamh an duine a bha ga thomhas (an tomhas eadar a dhà làimh sgaoilte gach taobh). Bha iasgach nan driamlach ag iarraidh obair mòran dhaoine agus dh'fhaodadh gum biodh an teaghlach gu lèir an sàs san obair, le boireannaich is clann a' cruinneachadh a' bhiathaidh agus ag ullachadh nan uidheaman air an tràigh mus biodh na h-iasgairean a' dol gu muir. Bhiodh iad glè thric a' cleachadadh sgadan na bhiathadh ach ann an cuid de bhailtean beaga bhiodh iad a' buain mhaoraich a chuireadh iad air na dubhain.

Sna 1920an chaidh iasgach le lìn 'seine' a thoirt a-steach ann an Linne Mhoireibh agus thàinig an doigh iasgaich sin a bhith na dòigh abhaisteach gus iasg geal agus leòbagan a ghlacadh air taobh an ear na h-Alba. Bha cabhlach mòr de bhàtaichean nan 'seine-net' ann an Inbhir Ùige, agus cabhlach na bu lugha ag obair a-mach à Inbhir Theòrsa. 'S e an dòigh obrach a bh' aca a bhith a' tilgeil agus a' tarraing lìon fhada a ghlacadh iasg fhathast san uisge na bhroinn. 'S e pìos den uidheam a bha gu math cudthromach an 'dhan' no 'dan-buoy', pòla a bhiodh a' fleodradh le aon cheann sìos a shealladh dhaibh far an robh aon cheann den lìon, air neo ann an iasgach le driamlach, a' sealltainn far an robh an ceann a b'fhaide air falbh den loidhne.

Bhiodh iasgairean a' lorg far an robh iad aig muir le bhith a' coimhead air comharraidhean-tìre, leithid rubhannan no togalaichean mòra, eòlas a dh'fheumadh a bhith aca ach an lorgadh iad na h-àiteachan a b' fheàrr ann an grunnd na mara far an glacadh iad èisg. 'S e 'meezes' cuideachd a bhiodh aca air na comharraidhean seo. Bhiodh sgìrean den ghrunnd a b'fheàrr leis gach iasgair, agus mar bu trice chuireadh iad ainmean orra.

Airson stiùireadh mu bhith a’ cleachdadh ìomhaighean agus susbaint eile, faicibh duilleag ‘Na Cumhaichean air Fad.’
’S e companaidh cuibhrichte fo bharantas clàraichte ann an Alba Àir. SC407011 agus carthannas clàraichte Albannach Àir. SC042593 a th’ ann an High Life na Gàidhealtachd.
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Dòighean iasgaich ann an Gallaibh (1)

GALLAIBH

1980an

croitearachd; croitearan; croitear; croit; claistinneach;

Leabharlainn na Gàidhealtachd

Caithness Recordings: Fishing

B' e iasgair ann an Inbhir Theòrsa a bh' ann an Ailig MacThòmais. Sa chuibhreann seo tha e a' toirt seachad eòlas mionaideach air an diofar dhòigh anns am biodh iad ag iasgach san sgìre suas gu ruig na 1960an.<br /> <br /> 'Interviewer: First o all, can ye tell us e difference between line fishing an net fishing, seine-net fishing?<br /> <br /> Mr T: Ah yes. Well, the line fishing, ye see, the old, the line fishing's an old method o fishing, an e seine net fishing is altogether, is more modern. But, eh, the line fishing is jist; it's five - what they call strings, ye know - five hanks o line. Eh, Ah think ye'd sixty fathom on each hank, ye know, an they were all joined, five hanks, an they were all joined together, an that makes one line. Ye see, this - we call it strings, five strings, ye always buy yer lines in strings [?]. Well, five strings. Now, there's aboot - if ye're working the great lines, there's three fathom between each hook, ye know, an there's aboot twenty hooks on each string, an on e whole line is aboot a hundred hooks, ye know? <br /> <br /> Now - an between each hook there's three fathom, this is for e big cod fishing or e halibut fishing, skate fishing, [?] an the three fathom each measured off like that, ye see, three fathom, when it - turn another hook on. Now, when ye shot yer lines, the first thing that we'll dee is get yer bait cut - all e herring - it was usually herring bait they cut for fishing. Get yer bait cut, an then when ye come on the grounds, when ye come on the fishing grounds the - ye've got special grounds for c- but it's at certain time o year the cod comes onto a certain kind o ground, sandy ground, the soil bottom, for spending their roes an that [spawning], ye know? <br /> <br /> Well, when ye come on the ground, the first thing ye do is let go yer dahn; it's a marker. Some calls it a marker, an some calls it as their end, an some calls it their dahn, the fishermen calls it e dahn. It's just yer long pole like at wi a weight on the end of it, an a buoy tied in the middle of it, an a light at e top, ye see? When it when it goes intil the watter the dahn goes upright like at, ye see? An then there's three buoys attached tae it, ye see? Ye, ye drop that over the side an that's yer marker an then after ye get your marker up, ye mark e land [?] ye jist say, that's so-an-so, on the Point o Hoy on a certain bearing, an then a hill some other way til e east'ard or anything like that, on that point, ye see? A cross bearing like that. An that's yer mark for yer aim. An according to the tide then - before e tide, ye fire away yer lines like that, an there's an anchor on e end o the, o yer line, pit an anchor on it. <br /> <br /> An then whenever your anchor goes til e bottom, ye start firing off like that, ye see, an when ye're thowing oot yer line there's two men, one on each side o e basket, baitin the hooks, ye know, an a manjack shotin e line oot like at. An ye go on along like at til ye shot the whole shank oot, twenty lines maybe, right doon on, on e track, an then ye put yer anchor in again an another dahn goes in. That's two ends ye hiv now, in case ye break that end ye go to e other end, ye see? An you leave them, say about maybe a couple o hours, or if e tide's strong ye let them lie out, the tide runs off a bit, ye get e tide - slack tide, ye see, an then you start pullin them up. An eh, ye start hallin in yer lines then an if there's a good fishing on ye'll get a cod on every other hook, ye know? <br /> <br /> There's one man pulling e line in, another fellow at is back - coiling e line at is back like at, an puttin in e basket, ye see? An then when e fish comes up there's a stap, e staps is on e deck, an ye don't lift e fish in by is - ye jist put a, a clip [clep, or gaff - a pole with a hook on the end] in e fish like at, an lift them in over, ye see? An then ye've got an iron in yer hand like that, an ye pit it doon e cod's throat, open is mouth up, an ye shove this iron down, an it catches e hook; there's a sneck in e, in e, in e iron, ye see? Ye jist give it a shove like at, an e hook comes out, an ye jist throw them off, throw them down like that, ye see, an pit them down below. An ye jist keep hallin on like at now til ye get them, til ye get yer lines all in. It's a whole day's job, ye know, hallin all at lines.'<br /> <br /> 'S e an dòigh iasgaich a bu shìmplidh a bhith ag obair le driamlach no loidhne, a' cleachdadh lìn fhada le dubhain agus biathadh orra ach an glacadh iad trosg, langa, adag agus iasg geal eile, agus iasg caol mar turbaid agus lèabag. Bha dà sheòrsa iasgach le driamlach ann, lìn bheaga air an cleachdadh faisg air tìr airson an èisg bheag gheal agus lìn mhòra a ghlacadh èisg na bu mhotha ann an uisgeachan domhainn. Bha an driamlach glè thric uabhasach fada. 'S ann ann an aitheamhan a bhiodh iad a' tomhas faid, gu h-oifigeil 's e sia troighean a bh' ann an aitheamh, ach mar a b' abhaist dìreach aitheamh an duine a bha ga thomhas (an tomhas eadar a dhà làimh sgaoilte gach taobh). Bha iasgach nan driamlach ag iarraidh obair mòran dhaoine agus dh'fhaodadh gum biodh an teaghlach gu lèir an sàs san obair, le boireannaich is clann a' cruinneachadh a' bhiathaidh agus ag ullachadh nan uidheaman air an tràigh mus biodh na h-iasgairean a' dol gu muir. Bhiodh iad glè thric a' cleachadadh sgadan na bhiathadh ach ann an cuid de bhailtean beaga bhiodh iad a' buain mhaoraich a chuireadh iad air na dubhain. <br /> <br /> Sna 1920an chaidh iasgach le lìn 'seine' a thoirt a-steach ann an Linne Mhoireibh agus thàinig an doigh iasgaich sin a bhith na dòigh abhaisteach gus iasg geal agus leòbagan a ghlacadh air taobh an ear na h-Alba. Bha cabhlach mòr de bhàtaichean nan 'seine-net' ann an Inbhir Ùige, agus cabhlach na bu lugha ag obair a-mach à Inbhir Theòrsa. 'S e an dòigh obrach a bh' aca a bhith a' tilgeil agus a' tarraing lìon fhada a ghlacadh iasg fhathast san uisge na bhroinn. 'S e pìos den uidheam a bha gu math cudthromach an 'dhan' no 'dan-buoy', pòla a bhiodh a' fleodradh le aon cheann sìos a shealladh dhaibh far an robh aon cheann den lìon, air neo ann an iasgach le driamlach, a' sealltainn far an robh an ceann a b'fhaide air falbh den loidhne. <br /> <br /> Bhiodh iasgairean a' lorg far an robh iad aig muir le bhith a' coimhead air comharraidhean-tìre, leithid rubhannan no togalaichean mòra, eòlas a dh'fheumadh a bhith aca ach an lorgadh iad na h-àiteachan a b' fheàrr ann an grunnd na mara far an glacadh iad èisg. 'S e 'meezes' cuideachd a bhiodh aca air na comharraidhean seo. Bhiodh sgìrean den ghrunnd a b'fheàrr leis gach iasgair, agus mar bu trice chuireadh iad ainmean orra.